Mujaddid al-Deen al-Millat
Ash Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Al-Qadiri
Radi Allahu ta'ala 'anhu
Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
As Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaika Ya Rasoolullah ()
Imam Ahmad Raza's Blessed Birth;
Illustrious Family History;
Piety as a Child;
Intelligence as a Child;
Astonishing Events of Childhood;
Primary and Tertiary Education :
Commencement of Islamic Education;
A'la Hadrat's first Fatwa;
Marriage and Children;
Incidents of Knowledge;
Branches of Knowledge studied at his Fathers feet;
Other Branches attained from various Ulema;
Other Branches attained without ANY teacher;
Imam Ahmad Raza's Blessed Birth;
Proficiency in over 50 branches of Knowledge;
The Knowledge :
Translation and Commentary of Al-Qur'an Majeed;
Authority in the fields of Hadith;
A great Jurist of his time;
Imam Ahmad Raza's I'lm-e-Jafar;
Knowledge of Philosophy and Science;
Knowledge of Astronomy & Astrology;
A mathematical Genius;
Contribution to the field of poetry;
Spiritual Life :
Ba'it and Khilafat;
Mureeds and Khulafa;
Imam Ahmad Raza's first Hajj;
Imam Ahmad Raza's second Hajj;
In the presence of the Beloved Prophet (s.a.w);
Love for the Beloved Prophet (s.a.w);
Love for Descendents (Sayyads) of the Beloved Prophet (s.a.w);
Imam Ahmad Raza's Adherence to the Sunnah;
Love for Sayyiduna Ghawth al-A'zam RA;
His contentment & abstention from the outside World;
Services as a Mujaddid :
Mujaddid of the 14th Centry;
Previous known Mujaddids;
Jihad against the Beloved Prophet's (s.a.w) insulters;
Titles bestowed upon A'la Hadrat by the Ulema of Makkah;
Titles bestowed upon A'la Hadrat by the Ulema of Madinah;
His Unique Memory;
Obedience towards Parents;
Respect towards the superior Ulema;
Respect for the Mosque;
Love and respect for Pilgrims;
Care for Children;
His Mystical Powers;
Proficiency in over 50 branches of Knowledge;
Writings and Works :
The Works of Imam Ahmad Raza;
Books and Literatue;
Organisations affiliated to Imam Ahmad Raza;
Comments by Supporters and adversaries :
Comments by the Noble Ulema of Makkah;
Comments by the Noble Ulema of Madinah;
Comments by the Noble Ulema of the Sub-Continent;
Imam Ahmad Raza in the eye's of others;
Imam Ahmad Raza in the eyes of the Opposition;
His Demise :
Imam Ahmad Raza's Final Advice before his departure;
Wissal of Imam Ahmad Raza;
Impact left by A'la Hadrat in the World Today :
A'la Hadrat's Al-Qur'an translation
courtesy of Raza.co.za
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S BIRTH
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was born on a Monday, the 10th of Shawaal 1272 A.H. (14th June 1856), at the time of Duhar Salaah in a place called Jasoli, which is in the city of Bareilly Shareef, India.
A few days before the birth of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), his father, Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), had a wonderful dream. He immediately disclosed this dream to his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), who interpreted this dream by saying: "This is a sign that you are going to be the father of a child, a boy, who will grow up to be pious and knowledgable. His name will gain prominence from East to West."
This was the good news that was given to Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu) concerning the birth of none other than the "emerald from amongst the Treasures of Almighty Allah", the "sweet-scented rose from the fragrant garden of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam)", Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu).
The date of birth of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was extracted by himself from the Noble Qur'an. "These are they in whose hearts Allah has inscribed faith and helped them with a spirit from Himself." (58:2)
The name that was given to him at birth was the beautiful name of "Mohammed." The name corresponding to that year of his birth was "Al Mukhtaar." His grandfather, a great Scholar of the Ahl As-Sunnah Wa Jama'ah, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), also gave the young child the beautiful name of "Ahmad Raza." It was by this name that he was famously known. Much later in his life, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) added the title "Abdul Mustafa" to his name signifying his great love and respect for Sayyadina Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam).
The Grand Mufti of Makkat 'al-Mukarramah, Shaykh Hussain bin Saleh Makki (radi Allahu anhu), also gave him the title of "Zia'udeen Ahmad."
ILLUSTRIOUS FAMILY HISTORY
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Al-Qaderi, was the son of Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan, who was son of Allama Mawlana Mohammed Kaazim Ali Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Shah Muhammad Azam Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Sa'adat Yaar Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Sa'eedullah Khan (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in).
The great forefathers of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) migrated from Qandhar (Kabul) during the Mogul rule and settled in Lahore. Allama Mawlana Sa'eedullah Khan, the first forefather of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhum), held a high government post when he arrived in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. His son, Allama Mawlana Sa'adat Yaar Khan (radi Allahu anhu), after gaining victory in the city of Ruhailah, was elected as the Governor of that city.
Allama Mawlana Hafiz Kaazim Ali Khan, the son of Mawlana Muhammad A'zam Khan (radi Allahu anhum), was a Tax-collector in the city of Badayun. His son, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), the illustrious grandfather of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), did not serve in the Government. It was from this generation that the heads of the family began to adopt Tassawuf as their way of life.
We have included a very brief history of A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) father and grandfather.
HIS FATHER: A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) father, Hadrat Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), received his education at the hands of his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu). He wrote more than 50 books, among them, "Suroorul Quloob fi Zikri Mouloodul Mahboob", which received a very high distinctive position amongst Islamic literature. The treatise is characteristic in its condemnation of the enemies of Islam, both internally and externally. A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) father passed away in 1297 A.H. (1880) when he was 24 years old.
HIS GRANDFATHER: One of the greatest Sufis of his time, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was born in the year 1224 A.H. He was also a great warrior and fought with General Bakht Khan against English invaders in the year 1834. He received his early education at the hands of Molwi Khaleerur Rahman. At the age of 23, he had already completed his Islamic education, earning certificates of distinction in various fields of knowledge. He passed away in the month of Jamadi-Al-Awwal in the year 1282 A.H. (1866). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was at this time only 10 years old.
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S PIETY AS A CHILD
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was a child of 4 years when this incident took place. On that particular day, he was dressed in a long Kurta. As he stepped out of his house, a few female prostitutes walked past him. In order to cover his eyes, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) quickly held the bottom of his Kurta with both his hands and lifted the Kurta over his face. When one of the prostitutes saw what he did, she said, "Well! Young man. You covered your eyes, but allowed your Satr to be shown." With his face and eyes still covered, the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "When the eyes are tempted, then the heart becomes tempted. When the heart is tempted, then the concealed parts become tempted." So shocked and affected was this woman on hearing such a reply from a child that she lost consciousness.
Another incident which happened in the Month of Ramadan also s hows A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) piety and fear of Allah. Fasting was not Fardh (obligatory) upon him because he was still a child, but on that day he intended to keep fast. It should be known that for a little child to keep fast in India during the summer season was very difficult. The average temperature on a summer's day rises to approximately 50 degrees Celsius. On that day, the heat of the sun was intense. Hadrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu) took his young son, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), into a room where sweets were kept. He closed the door and said, "There, eat the sweets." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied that he was fasting. His father then said, "The fasting of children is always like this. The door is closed and no one is looking. Now you may eat." On hearing this, the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) respectfully said, "Through Whose command I am fasting, He is Seeing me." On hearing this answer from a little child, tears began to flow from the eyes of Hadrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu). He then left the room with A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S FIRST LECTURE
Sayyadina A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) delivered his first lecture at the age of 6 years. It was during the glorious month of Rabi-ul-Awwal. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) stood on the Mimbar (Pulpit) and delivered a lecture before a very large gathering which also consisted of Ulema. His lecture lasted for approximately 2 hours. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spoke on the Wilaadat (Birth) of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam). He brightened the hearts of the listeners with the love of Sayyadina Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam). The people listening were thoroughly impressed by the maturity and eloquence of this lecture which was being delivered by a 6 year old child!
HIS INTELLIGENCE AS A CHILD
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was so gifted and intelligent that there was no need for him to study beyond the fourth Kitaab of his course under the tutorship of any of his teachers. He studied the remaining Kitaabs by himself and used to later ask his teachers to test him.
Once, his teacher asked him, "Mia! Are you a Jinn or a human being? It takes me much time to teach a lesson, but it does not take you much time to learn the same lesson." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) answered, "Praise be to Allah that I am a human."
When he was 8 years old, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wrote a Mas'ala concerning Fara'idh (Fards). When his father looked at the answer, he happily remarked, "If only some adult could answer in this manner."
At the age of 10, when he was studying the Kitaab, "I'lm-us- Thuboot," under the guidance of his father, he noticed a few objections and answers of his father on the side of the page. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) studied this book carefully and wrote such a well- explained footnote that even the need for an objection was ruled out. His father came across his research on that objection. He was so delighted that he stood up and held the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to his heart and said, "Ahmad Raza! You do not learn from me, but you teach me."
Professor Dr Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Head of Department: Urdu, Sindh University, Sindh (Pakistan) said: "Allama Hadrat Ahmad Raza Khan is among the outstanding scholars. His deep learning, intelligence, vision and acumen, surpassed that of great contemporary thinkers, professors, renowned scholars and orientalist. Indeed, there is hardly any branch of learning that is foreign to him."
ASTONISHING EVENTS OF CHILDHOOD
At the age of 3, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was once standing outside the Raza Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. An "unknown" person, attired in an Arabian garb, approached him and spoke to him in the Arabic language. Those who were present and witnessed this incident heard the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) converse with the person in pure Arabic. They were surprised. The person who spoke to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was never seen again in Bareilly Shareef!
A Majzoob (one drowned in his love for Almighty Allah) by the name of Hadrat Basheeruddeen Sahib (radi Allahu anhu) used to live at the Akhoon Zada Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. He spoke harshly to anyone who visited him. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wished to meet this Majzoob. One night, at about 11 o'clock, he set off alone to meet him. He sat respectfully for about 15 minutes outside the Majzoob's house. After some time, the Majzoob became aware of him and asked, "Who are you to Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu)." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied that he was the grandson of Hadrat Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu). The Majzoob immediately embraced him and took him into his little room. He asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) if he had come for any specific matter, but A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said that he had come to ask him to make Dua for him. On hearing this, the Majzoob, for approximately half an hour, made the following Dua: "May Allah have mercy on you, May Allah bless you."
Primary and Tertiary Education
COMMENCEMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION
A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) "Bismillah Kwaani" or "Commencement of
Islamic Education" a very strange incident occurred.
His respected teacher asked him to read the Tasmiyah, and then told him to read "Alif, Baa, Taa, . . . ." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) began reading the "Alif, Baa, Taa, ..." until he came to the word "Laam Alif" at which point A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) became silent. When his teacher asked him once more to read "Laam Alif", he remained silent. The teacher instructed him, "Say, 'Laam Alif'". Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), then replied, "I have already read them earlier on. What need is there for me to repeat it?"
Hadrat Allama Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), who was witnessing this incident, said, "Son! Listen to what your Ustaad is saying." Upon further reflection, Hadrat Allama Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), realised the reason for the objection of the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). It was because the teacher was teaching A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) the lesson on single alphabets. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) felt that how was it possible that a complete word like "Laam Alif" should be found in such a lesson that only dealt with single alphabets!
Hadrat Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu) knew that it was a very delicate matter that could not be understood by a child. Nevertheless, he explained, "Son! It is true that which you are thinking of. But the 'Alif' which you had earlier read, in reality, is 'Hamza' and this which you are reciting now is 'Alif'. 'Alif' is always 'Sakin' and one cannot commence with an alphabet which is 'Sakin'. Therefore, it is for this reason that the alphabet 'Laam' is brought before the 'Alif'."
When A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) heard this answer, he replied, "If that be the case, then any other alphabet could be joined to the 'Alif'. Why the 'Laam'?" Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), out of sheer happiness and excitement, embraced A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and made Dua for him. He then explained the answer to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) in the following brilliant manner: "In looking at them they both appear to be very much alike, since they are both empty. Even when writing them together they look very much alike. When it comes to their qualities then 'Laam' is the heart of 'Alif' and 'Alif' is the heart of 'Laam'."
Hadrat Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was in reality opening the doors and the treasures of knowledge and spiritual insight to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) WAS ONLY 4 YEARS OLD WHEN HE COMPLETED THE RECITATION OF THE HOLY QURAN. DUE TO THE EXTRAORDINARY INTELLIGENCE BESTOWED UPON HIM BY ALMIGHTY ALLAH, A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) COMPLETED HIS ISLAMIC EDUCATION AT THE VERY YOUNG AGE OF 13 YEARS, 10 MONTHS AND 5 DAYS. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) states that, "I completed my religious education during the middle of the month of Shabaan in the year 1286 A.H. I was 13 years, 10 months and 5 days old at that time. It was also at this time that Salaah became Fard upon me and I began to have great interest in the Laws of Shariah". (Al Ijaazatur Radawiyya)
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under his father, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu). He completed his primary education by Janab Mirza Ghulam Qader Baig, by whom he studied the book, "Mizaane Munsha'ab." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities :
1. Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Ali Rampuri (radi Allahu anhu),Shaykh-e-Kabeer,
2. Hadrat Allama Sayyad Shah Abul Hassan Ahmad Noori (radi Allahu anhu),
3. Shaykh-e-Tariqah, Hadrat Allama Shah Ale Rasool Mahrahrewi (radi Allahu anhu),
4. Shaykh Ahmad bin Zain-e-Dahlaan Makki (radi Allahu anhu),
5. Shaykh Abdur Rahman Makki (radi Allahu anhu), and
6. Shaykh Hussain bin Salih Makki (radi Allahu anhu)
A'LA HADRAT'S FIRST FATAWA
In a letter sent to his illustrious Khalifa, Malakul Ulema, Hadrat Mawlana Zafaruddeen Bihaari, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wrote, "With the Grace of Almighty Allah, this servant wrote his first Fatawah at the age of 13. It is also at this age that I completed my religious education and gained a certificate of proficiency in this field. On this day, a question was put forward to me as to whether milk, if reaching the belly of a child, would prove fosterage or not? I replied that even if milk reached the child's belly, either through the nose or mouth, fosterage would be proven, therefore, making it Haraam upon the child to marry this women". (Al Malfooz, Part I, pg. 12)
His father was so amazed and delighted by this in-depth reply that he assigned the young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) the task of issuing Fatawahs (Islamic Verdicts). For many years, thereafter, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) carried this very important duty with absolute dignity and responsibility.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) began answering hundreds of Fatawas daily. He received them in all languages - Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English and many other languages.
Professor Dr J.M.S. Baljon, Department of Islamology, University of Leiden (Holland), when commenting about A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) answers to religious enquiries, said: "Indeed, a great scholar I must confess. When reading his Fatawas, I am deeply impressed by the immensely wide reading he demonstrates in his argumentations. Above it, his views appear much more balanced than I expected. You are completely right; he deserves to be better known and more appreciated in the West than is the case at present."
BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE STUDIED BY AT HIS FATHER'S FEET
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) became proficient in the following branches of knowledge at the feet of his father:
TAFSEER OF THE NOBLE QUR'AN
TAFSEER OF AHADITH
PRINCIPLES OF AHADITH (USOOL-E-HADITH)
ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE (ALL FOUR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT)
PRINCIPLES OF JURISPRUDENCE (USOOL-E-FIQH)
PRINCIPLES OF BELIEF
PRINCIPLES OF DEBATE
PRINCIPLES OF RHETORIC
LANGUAGE USAGE OF METAPHORS
SCIENCE DEALING WITH RHETORIC
PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICS
In the book, "Al Ijaazatul Mutay'yanah", on page 22, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) has said the following in connection with the above mentioned 20 branches of knowledge. He says, "I LEARNT THESE TWENTY BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE, PERSONALLY AT THE FEET OF MY FATHER".
OTHER BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED FROM VARIOUS ULEMA
He learnt QURANIC RECITATION, CORRECT RECITATION WITH TAJWEED, MYSTICISM, MYSTICAL INITIATION, ISLAMIC ETHICS, NAMES OF NARRATORS OF AHADITH, BIOGRAPHY OF THE BELOVED PROPHET (Salla Allahu ta'ala alyhi wa aalihi wa Sallam), ISLAMIC HISTORY, IN-DEPTH STUDY OF ARABIC AND LITERATURE.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) states: "THESE TEN BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE, I ACHIEVED AT THE FEET OF THE FOLLOWING TEACHERS: SHAH ALE RASOOL MAHRAHREWI, MAWLANA NAQI ALI KHAN, SHAYKH AHMAD BIN ZAIN DAHLAAN MAKKI, SHAYKH ABDUR RAHMAN MAKKI, SHAYKH HUSSAIN BIN SALEH MAKKI, SHAH ABUL HASSAN AHMAD NOORI (ALAIHIMUR RAHMAH)."
BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF ANY TEACHER
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) learnt ARITHMETIC, ALGEBRA, THE TWELVE BRANCHES OF MATHEMATICS, MODERN ASTRONOMY, SCIENCE OF INHERITANCE, SCIENCE OF PROSODY, ASTROLOGY, SCIENCE OF HISTORY, PROSE IN HINDI, PROSE IS PERSIAN, IN-DEPTH STUDY OF ARABIC AND IN-DEPTH STUDY OF PLAIN PERSIAN WRITING.
When A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was questioned about his amazing capabilities in solving intricate and confusing Mathematical theories, and as to who his mentor was, he replied, "I DID NOT HAVE A TEACHER IN THIS FIELD. WHATEVER YOU SEE, I ACHIEVED WITHIN THE FOUR WALLS OF MY ROOM. THIS IS INDEED THROUGH THE GRACE OF SAYYIDUNA RASOOLULAH (SALLA ALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)." (Al Mizaan, pg. 342)
The above are merely a few branches of knowledge in which A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) reached such great heights of proficiency that he was considered to be the inventor of that branch of knowledge! An example of this is to found in his book, "Ar Raudal Baheej fi Adaabut Takhreej", dealing with the Principles of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith.
Commenting on this, the famous Historian, Mawlana Rahmaan Ali, (M.P. Madya Pradesh) states, "If there are no books to be found on the subject of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith, then A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) can be considered to be the very inventor of this branch of knowledge". (Tazkerah Ulema al-Hind, pg. 17)
PROFICIENCY IN OVER FIFTY BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE
If we study the life of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), we will discover that HIS PROFICIENCY IN VARIOUS SUBJECTS TOTAL OVER FIFTY FOUR BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE. Is it possible today, to find an Islamic scholar or even a non-Muslim professor, scientist, educationist or a Nobel Prize owner who possesses such qualifications? Arab Scholars like Sheikh Ismail bin Khalil and Sheikh Musa Ali Shami (radi Allahu anhuma) commended A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) as the Revivalist of the 14th Century A.H.: "IF HE IS CALLED THE REVIVALIST OF THIS CENTURY, IT WILL BE RIGHT AND TRUE."
Commenting on A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) reputation and his knowledge, Dr Jamil Jalibi, Vice Chancellor, Karachi University (Pakistan) said: "Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi was an eminent Jurist, leading scholar, scientist, Naa'tia poet, a keen observer of Shariah and a Saint. His crowning scholarship can be imagined by the fact that he had commanding knowledge of about 54 branches of various sciences and humanities. He has contributed valuable works in almost all of them. He left behind more than a thousand treatises."
Professor Dr Wahid Ashraf, Baroda University, in Baroda said: "There is no shortage of renowned personalities in the history of Islam who made rich contributions to various fields of knowledge through their divine-gifted qualities of learning, wisdom and insight. Ibn Sina, Umar Khayyam, Imam Razi, Imam Ghazzali, Al Beruni, Farabi and Ibn Rushd are a few rich names that shall always be remembered with pride. Among them, someone is renowned for Philosophy and Medicine, some other famous for Mathematics, another in Astrology, yet another is known for Moral Philosophy. Someone is an expert in Greek Thoughts, etc., BUT THE MOST OUTSTANDING PERSONALITY WAS BORN IN INDIA AND PASSED AWAY IN THE PRESENT CENTURY. HE WAS AHMED RAZA BAREILVI WHO ENJOYED SUCH A COMMAND IN VARIOUS BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE THAT ONLY EXPERTS OF THE SPECIAL FACULTY CAN DISCUSS FULLY AND SUCCESSFULLY."
TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY OF THE NOBLE QURAN
Many people have translated the Noble Qur'an into the Urdu language, but the translation of the Noble Quran presented by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) - called "Kanz al-Imaan" - is proven to be the most unique translation in the Urdu language. In his translation one sees that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) used only those words in his translation that are worthy for the Attributes and Qualities of Almighty Allah and of His beloved Rasool (Salla Allahu alaihi wa Sallam).
It is said that the translation of the Noble Qur'an by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) is not merely a literal translation, but is also the commentary of the Noble Qur'an. In the words of Hadrat Sayyiduna Muhaddith al-Azam al-Hind (Rehmatullahi alaih), "IT IS NOT ONLY THE TRANSLATION OF THE QUR'AN, IT IS THE QUR'AN."
We have taken just one example of a Verse from the Noble Qur'an that has been translated by various persons and compared it with the beautiful translation of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). We have taken Sura 93, Verse 7 as an example:
(1) "And he found you lost on the way and he guided thee." Translation by Mohammad Asad
(2) "And found thee groping so he showed the way." Translation by Muhammad Ali Lahori Qadiani
(3) "And He found you uninformed of Islamic laws so he told you the way of Islamic laws." Translation by Ashraf Ali Thanwi
(4) "Did he not find thee erring and guide thee." Translation by Arberry
(5) "And saw you unaware of the way so showed you the straight way." Translation by Fatheh Muhammad Jalledhri
(6) "And he found thee wandering and He gave thee guidance." Translation by Yusuf Ali
Now that we have examined six different translations of Sura 93, Verse 7, let us examine the difference and the uniqueness of the translation of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu): "AND HE FOUND YOU DROWNED IN HIS LOVE THEREFORE GAVE WAY UNTO HIM"
Look at the uniqueness and the cautiousness that is present in this translation of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu)! He abstained from using those words that may cause any disrespect to the dignity and personality of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu alayhi wa Sallam)!
Due to the vast amount of time A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spent in compiling books on Fiqh and various other topics, it was not possible for him to compile a complete commentary of the Noble Qur'an. However, a few learned scholars have stated that if all the books of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) have to be brought together then there is a great possibility that a complete commentary of the Noble Qur'an may be compiled. Like his translation of the Noble Qur'an, they have said that his Tafseer will also be exceptional.
Commenting only on the "Bismillahir Rahman nir Rahim", A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) presented such a lengthy lecture on this simple phrase that it was compiled into a complete book and published under the title, "Al Meeladun Nabwiya."
Once, during the Urs Shareef of Hadrat Mawlana Shah Abdul Qaadir Sahib (radi Allahu anhu), A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) delivered a lecture on Sura Wad-Duha from 9 a.m. in the morning right till 3 p.m. in the afternoon! This lecture on Sura Wad-Duha alone lasted for 6 hours. After completing his lecture A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "I only wrote 80 percent of the commentary on this Sura and had to leave it aside. Where is there time enough to write the Tafseer of the entire Quran al-Kareem!"
Allama Ata Muhammad Bindayalwi (radi Allahu anhu), Sarghoda (Pakistan) said: "Hadrat Bareilvi (radi Allahu anhu) has written about a thousand treatises. He exhaustively dealt with every topic he touched, but his most glorious work is his Urdu translation and explanation of the Noble Qur'an entitled,'Kanzul Imaan'. Indeed, there is no parallel. Real worth of this monumental work can be evaluated by only those scholars who possess vast and deep knowledge of various other translations and explanations of high standard in Urdu. A'la Hadrat kept the same pattern as adopted by the renown writers, but he excelled in the explanation and expansion of the most difficult and complicated subject matter in relatively few simple words."
AUTHORITY IN THE FIELD OF AHADITH
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was also a great authority of his time when it came to the subjects of Ahadith and Usool-e-Ahadith. He knew the names of almost every Hadith narrator. When he was questioned concerning details of a certain narrator, he was able to give a complete biography of the narrator. When he studied any Hadith he was able to explain the type of Hadith, it's benefits and the reasons behind that Hadith. He wrote many booklets on the topic of Ahadith. One of his books is entitled, "Hajizul Jarain An Jamma Bainas Salaatain," which covered the Ahadith pertaining to "Jamma Bainas Salaatain" or the "Combination of Two Salaahs in one time."
Dr Professor Mohiyyuddin, Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt) said: "Renowned scholar, Ahmed Raza Khan, visited Arabia twice to perform Hajj at Makkah and payed homage to the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) at Madina. During his stay he visited various centres of learning and had extensive exchange of views with the scholars covering various branches of learning and religious issues. He secured permission from some authentics to quote them in reference to particular Ahadith, and in return, he allowed them to mention his authority in respect of some other Ahadith.
"It is an old saying that scholarly talent and poetic exuberance rarely combine in one person, but Ahmad Raza Khan was an exception. His achievements contradicts this diction. He was not only an acknowledged research scholar, but also a great poet."
A GREAT JURIST OF HIS TIME
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) is that branch of knowledge that is derived from the Noble Qur'an and the Ahadith of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam). Only that person can be a proper Jurist who is well-versed in both the Noble Qur'an and the Ahadith of Rasulullah (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam). He must also be well-versed in and all the other important branches of knowledge, such as Tafseer, Logic, Philosophy, Translating, and many other branches.
Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was regarded as the greatest Jurist of his era. He was totally proficient in the field of Fiqh and received acceptance by the great Ulema of the East and the West. The greatest proof of his position and status in the world of Fiqh can be understood from his answers concerning the Shariat-e-Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), which was compiled into 12 large volumes, comprising of approximately 12 000 pages to form the famous book, "Fatawa Radawiyyah," which is used in every Darul Ifta (Fatawah Departments) around the world today.
A renowned theologian and a great Saint of Delhi, Hadrat Mawlana Zayd Abul Hassan Faruqi (radi Allahu anhu), who completed his education at the Al Azhar University, Cairo, acknowledged the unrivalled mastery of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) over Islamic Jurisprudence and other branches of learning in the following words: "None can deny the knowledge of Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan in the field of Fiqh. He was, no doubt, the greatest Faqih (Jurist) of his time."
When Shaykh Ismail Khalil, the Curator of the Library at Makkatul Mukarramah, read the Fatawas of Sayyiduna A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) he was puffed up with joy and wrote to A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu): "By Allah, if Abu Hanifa Nu'man (radi Allahu anhu) would have gone through these Fatawa, undoubtedly, it could have been his heart's delight and granted its writer among his pupils."
IMAM AHMED RAZA'S I'LM-E-JAFAR
"I'lm-e-Jafar" refers to "The Knowledge and The Art of Prediction." Not all persons are blessed with such knowledge by Almighty Allah. It is a speciality for the Awliyah Allah. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was blessed with the gift of I'lm-e-Jafar.
Once, a certain person asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) concerning the approach of Qiyaamah and the arrival of Imam Mahdi (radi Allahu anhu) in the future. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said that Almighty Allah knows of this and His beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is also aware of this fact. After saying this A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) substantiated these facts by quoting many verses of the Noble Qur'an and Ahadith of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then said, "THROUGH A CERTAIN TYPE OF KNOWLEDGE, I FEEL THAT THERE IS A POSSIBILITY THAT IN 1837 HIJRAH THERE WILL BE NO ISLAMIC GOVERNMENT LEFT, AND IN 1900 HIJRA IMAM MAHDI (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) WILL APPEAR". After hearing this answer, someone asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) if he had gained this answer through I'lm-e-Jafar. He replied that he did. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then said very sarcastically, "Eat the mangoes. Do not count the trees."
There was a King of Rampur whose wife was very sick. He loved her very much and was very attached to her. This King, who was a "Badd Mazhab" (one who does not follow the religion properly), sent a messenger to Bareilly Shareef with a special request. He requested A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to predict the time and place of the death of his wife. The King's wife was, at that moment, not at her house in Rampur, but she was in a place called Nainital. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) told the messenger to tell the King that his wife will die in Rampur in the month of Muharram. When the messenger returned to the King, he gave him the message of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
With this message of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) at the back of his mind, the King tried very hard to keep his wife away from Rampur. He did not want her to be in any way near Rampur.
It so happened that rioting broke out in Rampur. It concerned the affairs of the Kanpur Shaheed Ganj Musjid. The Governor summoned the King to meet with him urgently in Rampur. The King decided to go on his own, but his wife insisted on joining him. As soon as they reached Rampur, the King's wife suddenly died. It was also the month of Muharram. The prediction of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) proved to be true!
HIS KNOWLEDGE OF PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was a great Scientist and Philosopher. He understood Science and Philosophy better than anyone in his time. He was a master of Ancient and Modern Sciences. He proved through research that various concepts of the modern day science are illogical and against the theories of the Holy Quran and the Ahadith.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wrote many books on Science and Physics. One of his famous books, "Fauze Mubeen Dar Harkate Zameen," using the Noble Qur'an as its guidelines, proves that the earth is not rotating but is stationary. He also proves that the entire Universe is revolving around the earth. Modern theories believe that the earth is rotating on its axis and that all the planets, including the earth, are revolving around the sun. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) also disproved the theories of Scientist such as Galileo Galilei and Sir Isaac Newton. We believe that should this book be translated into the English language by our Scholars who are well-versed in Science and presented to the West, there will have to be a re-think on modern scientific theories! Today, many people in the Western world regard Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) as the "NEGLECTED GENIUS OF THE EAST."
KNOWLEDGE OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) gained great expertise in the field of Astronomy and Astrology.
There was a person by the name of Mawlana Ghulam Hussain Sahib, who used to regard himself as an authority in Astrology. Once, Mawlana Ghulam Hussain Sahib visited A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) asked him, "So! What is the situation of the rain?" After working out the position of the stars, Mawlana Ghulam Sahib drew-up an astronomical table and said,"In this month there will be no rain. It will only rain in the following month." Mawlana Sahib then handed over the astronomical table to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) examined it and said, "All the Power is by Allah. If He pleases, then it may rain now." Mawlana Ghulam Hussain then said, "Are you not observing the astronomical table?" A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "I am observing everything."
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then looked towards the clock and asked, "What time is it?" Mawlana Ghulam Hussain said, "Quarter past eleven." Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "That means that there is three quarters of an hour left for twelve o' clock." Saying this, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) walked up to the grandfather clock that was in the room. With his finger he moved the big needle of the clock until it was on the twelve, thus showing twelve o'clock. The clock began to chime. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then said, "You said that it would take three quarters of an hour for the needle to come to twelve o' clock." The Mawlana Sahib replied, "But you were responsible for altering the position of the needle."
On hearing this, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "Almighty Allah is All-Powerful and He may alter the position of the stars whenever he wishes..." A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) HAD NOT YET COMPLETED HIS SENTENCE WHEN IT BEGAN TO RAIN UNCONTROLLABLY.
A MATHEMATICAL GENIUS
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was also a great Mathematician. He used to solve the most difficult mathematical problems in a short space of time. His authority in the field of Mathematics will leave modern-day Mathematicians wide-mouthed. Algebra, Geometry, Calculus, Logarithms, and other branches of Mathematics which are normally handled with great difficulty even by mathematics students today, was like ordinary addition and subtraction to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu)!
Once, Sir Ziaud-deen, a famous Mathematician, was in a predicament with regards to part of his research in the mathematical field. He had to go to Berlin in Germany to seek a solution to this intricate problem. It so happened that a certain Mawlana from the famous Aligarh University advised Sir Ziaud-deen to visit A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to seek a solution for his mathematical problem. But, Sir Ziaud-deen, not sounding very confident said, "What will an ordinary Mawlana like Mawlana Ahmed Raza be able to solve? He hasn't even gone out of his city to gain knowledge, so it is obvious that his knowledge is very limited." Nevertherless, after some convincing, he agreed to visit A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
When he arrived in Bareilly Shareef, he immediately went to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). Presenting the intricate mathematical problem to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) he said, "I am now going to Germany. I will come back for the answer, that is, if you do manage to solve it." As he was speaking, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was busy writing and listening to him at the same time. As Sir Ziaud-deen was about to leave, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) handed him a sheet of paper. When Sir Ziaud-deen read what was written on this paper, he realised that it contained the solution to his mathematical problem that had him so confused. Sir Ziaud-deen then said, "TODAY I BELIEVE THAT THERE IS SOMETHING KNOWN AS I'LM-E-LADUNI (INSPIRED KNOWLEDGE)."
Sir Zia'uddeen, was later recorded to have said about A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu): "He was an un-assuming man of pleasant manners and morals, had deep insight in Mathematics, although he was not formerly educated by a teacher. It was an inner divine-gifted inherent knowledge. My query pertained to a theory of knotting problems of Mathematics, but his manner and explanation was spontaneous as if he had already carried out a research in it. Now, there is nobody so well-versed in India. Such a great scholar, I think, there is none. Allah has bestowed upon him such a knowledge, that is amazing. His insight in the fields of Mathematics, Euclid, Algebra and Timings is astonishing. A mathematical problem that I could not solve despite my best of efforts, this learned genius explained in a few moments."
CONTRIBUTION TO THE FIELD OF POETRY
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) spent much of his valuable time writing Poetry. His Poetry mostly consisted of Naath Shareef in praise of the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and Manqabats. In all the Naath Shareefs that was written by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), it is evident that his heart and soul was drowned in the love of the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
His Naaths were written within the boundaries of the Shariah. Every stanza was filled with pearls of "I'lhaam". "I'lhaam" is that which is inspired by Almighty Allah into the hearts of the Awliyah Allah. Just as the Ambiya receive "Wahi" or Revelation, so do the Awliyah receive "I'lhaam". Each verse and stanza of his Poetry is the Tafseer (Commentary) of the Noble Quran and the Hadith of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). His Poetry was mainly in the Arabic, Urdu, and Persian languages.
A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) Poetry was compiled to form the famous, "Hidayake Bakhshish," (Gardens of Forgiveness). This famous Naath Kitaab is used throughout the world. A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) humble compilations are read by all who wish to express their love for Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
Mawlana Qari Noorul Hassan, quoting the following stanzas from A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) Poetry:
"Mulke Sukhan Ki Shahi Tum Ko Raza Musallam
Jis Simt Aagaye ho sikhe Bithaa diye hai"
and says that there are many illiterate and ignorant people, who look at the above stanzas and accuse A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) of praising himself in his Poetry. This, he says, is not true and are mere baseless objections. He further explains.
Hadrat Hassan Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), the younger brother of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), would often send his Poetry to be corrected to Janaab Daagh Delhwi, who was a famous and distinguished Poet of his time. Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) used to take the poetry of Hadrat Hassan Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) to Daagh Delhwi. One day, as he was about to leave for Dehli, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) presented one of his Naaths to Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) and said, "Ask Daagh Delhwi to rectify this Qalaam." The Naath which A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) sent begins with the following stanza:
"Unki Mahk ne dil ke ghunche khila diye hai
Jis Raah chal diye hai kooche basa diye hai."
When Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) reached Delhi and presented the Naath to Daagh Delwhi, he looked at it and said, "This does not seem like the poetry of Mawlana Hassan Raza Khan. Whose is it?" Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) replied that it was written by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). On hearing this, Daagh Delhwi said, "YOU HAVE BROUGHT THE QALAAM OF A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) TO ME FOR CORRECTION! THIS IS THE QALAAM OF SUCH A POET WHO HOLDS NO PLACE FOR ANY CORRECTIONS. BUT, SINCE IT IS INCOMPLETE, I WOULD LIKE TO WRITE THE FINAL VERSE FROM MY SIDE. PLEASE ASK A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) NOT TO CHANGE IT AS I AM AWARE THAT HE DOES NOT LIKE ANYTHING WRITTEN IN HIS PRAISE." After saying this, he wrote the verse:
"Mulke Sukhan Ki Shahi Tum Ko Raza Musallam
Jis Simt Aagaye ho sikhe Bithaa diye hai"
So, to those who accuse A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) of praising himself in his Poetry, will find sufficient evidence to prove that it was Daagh Delhwi who inserted that stanza and not A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu)!
Commenting on one of A'la Hadrat's poems, His Holiness Muhaddith al-A'zam al-Hind Kichauchawi (radi Allahu anhu) said: "Once I had the opportunity of reciting the Qasida-e-Me'rajia (A poem of A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu regarding the Beloved Prophet's Sallal laahu alaihi wasallam Me'raj) in my own style, in a select gathering of men of letters at Lucknow. I then asked them about the literary worth of the poem. Everybody was overwhelmed and they all exclaimed that the language is superb, pure and divine."
BAI'AT AND KHILAFAT
In the year 1294 A.H., at the age of 22 years, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) became the Mureed (Disciple) of Imam-ul-Asfiya, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool Mahrerwi (radi Allahu anhu). The incident surrounding the Bai'at (Spiritual Allegiance) and Khilafat (Spiritual Successorship) of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) is as follows:
Once Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Qaadir Badayouni (radi Allahu anhu) came to Bareilly Shareef. He invited A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to go to Mahrera Shareef with him. Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) accepted his invitation and they both set off to Mahrera Shareef. When they arrived at the station in Mahrera Shareef, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "I AM RECEIVING THE SCENT OF MY MURSHID."
When they reached the Khanqah al-Barakati and entered, Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu) saw A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and said, "COME IN. I HAVE BEEN AWAITING YOUR PRESENCE FOR A LONG TIME."
SAYYIDUNA SHAH AALE RASOOL (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) IMMEDIATELY MADE A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) A MUREED AND BLESSED HIM WITH KHILAFAT AND I'JAZAT IN ALL THE SUFI SILSILAS. Thus, A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) Peer-o-Murshid (Spiritual Guide) was Hadrat Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu).
Hadrat Sayyadina Abul Hussain Noori Barakaati (radi Allahu anhu), who was also the Peer-o-Murshid of Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), was also present in this spiritual gathering. He was also a great Awliya Allah and needed no introduction to Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). For the benefit of the others who were present and to make them aware of the exalted calibre and status of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), he asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu) a question. He asked, "HUZOOR! THE RITUAL HERE AT MAHRERA SHAREEF IS THAT IF ANY PERSON COMES HERE, AND AFTER BECOMING MUREED DESIRES TO GAIN KHILAFAT AND I'JAZAT, THEN WE ASK HIM TO PERFORM MUJAHIDA (STRUGGLE IN THE PATH OF ALLAH). WE ALSO GIVE HIM DRIED BREAD TO EAT AS PART OF HIS SPIRITUAL TRAINING. AFTER THIS, IF WE FIND HIM WORTHY ENOUGH, THEN WE GRANT HIM KHILAFAT AND I'JAZAT IN ONE OR TWO SILSILAS, BUT YOU HAVE BLESSED THIS YOUNG MAN WITH KHILAFAT AND I'JAZAT OF ALL THE SILSILAS, AND EVEN COMMANDED HIM TO LOOK AT AND VERIFY ALL THE KITAABS WHICH YOU HAVE WRITTEN. WHY IS THIS SO?"
Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu) answered with the following words: "O PEOPLE! YOU DO NOT KNOW AHMAD RAZA. OTHERS WHO COME HERE NEED TO BE PREPARED BEFORE GAINING I'JAZAT AND KHILAFAT. BUT AHMAD RAZA KHAN HAS COME PREPARED FROM ALMIGHTY ALLAH. ALL HE NEEDED WAS A LINK AND THIS IS WHY I MADE HIM MUREED."
"I ALWAYS TEARED THROUGH THE FEAR OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH THAT IF ON THE DAY OF QIYAMAH, HE QUESTIONED ME CONCERNING WHAT I HAD BROUGHT FOR HIM FROM THE WORLD, THEN I WOULD HAVE NO ANSWER. BUT, TODAY, THAT FEAR NO LONGER EXISTS. IF ON THE DAY OF QIYAMAH THE ALMIGHTY ASKS, 'O AALE RASOOL! WHAT HAVE YOU BROUGHT FOR ME?' THEN, I WILL IMMEDIATELY PRESENT IMAM AHMAD RAZA KHAN (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) TO MY CREATOR."
This highly spiritual incident alone explains the status of A'la Hadrat, Azeem al-Barkat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu).
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) possessed immense love for his Peer-o-Murshid and for the family members. He also displayed his love for all those who had contact with them and respected them. Whenever A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went to Mahrera Shareef to gain blessings from his Peer-o-Murshid, he would remove his shoes at the station and walk bare feet in Mahrera Shareef! Whenever any person or representative from Mahrera Shareef arrived in Bareilly Shareef to deliver a letter or parcel to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), he would treat that person with great respect and dignity. He addressed the person with words of respect, such as, "Most Respected Representative," and would not allow that person to leave without giving him something to eat. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would personally go into the house to bring out food for that person. He even used to carry the dish or plate of food on his head!
If this is the respect that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) showed towards the representatives of his Peer-o-Murshid and his family, one cannot imagine or fathom the respect which he showed towards them personally!
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S MUREEDS AND KHULAFA
There were many Mureeds (Disciples) and Khulafa (Spiritually Successors) of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). They have spreaded far and wide over the Indo-Pak and also in all parts of the world. Nearly 35 are in the other parts of the world and 30 in Indo-Pak Sub-Continent. These are the leading ones:
1. Hujjat al-Islam, Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Muhammad Haamid Raza Khan Noori Barakaati (radi Allahu anhu),
2. Ghawth al-Waqt, Mufti al-A'zam al-Hind, Hadrat Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan Noori Barakaati (radi Allahu anhu),
3. Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Abdus Salaam Jabalpuri (radi Allahu anhu),
4. Sadr al-Afaadil, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Na'eemuddeen Muraadabadi (radi Allahu anhu),
5. Malik al-Ulema, Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Sayyid Zafar'uddeen Bihaari (radi Allahu anhu),
6. Mubbalig-e-A'zam, Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddique (radi Allahu anhu),
7. Sadr as-Shariah, Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Mufti Amjad Ali (radi Allahu anhu),
8. Qutb al Madinat'al Munawwara, Hadrat Allamah Sheikh Zia'uddeen Ahmed Al Madani (radi Allahu anhu),
9. Burhaan-e-Millat, Hadrat Allamah Burhaanul Haq (radi Allahu anhu),
10. Hadrat Allamah Mawlana Mukhtar Ahmad Siddiqi Meerati (radi Allahu anhu),
11. Shaykh Muhammad Abd al-Hayy (radi Allahu anhu),
12. Shaykh Ahmad Khalil (radi Allahu anhu),
13. Shaykh Ahmad Khudravi (radi Allahu anhu),
14. Shaykh Muhammad bin Abi Bakr (radi Allahu anhu),
15. Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id (radi Allahu anhu),
16. Alim al-Rabbani Hadrat Mawlana Sayyad Ahmad Ashraf al-Ashrafi al-Jilani (radi Allahu anhu), &
17. Hadrat Mawlana Shah Sulayman Ashraf al-Ashrafi al-Jilani (radi Allahu anhu)
The Khulafa of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) need no introduction to the Muslim World. Their impact, influence and contribution towards the development of Islamic Culture and Islamic thinking have left its mark in the pages of history. For the sake of attaining blessings and Barakah, we will discuss, very briefly, the lives of three of the famous Khulafa of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu).
Sadrush Shariat, Hadrat Allama Amjad Ali Razvi (radi allahu anhu): He was born in 1296 A.H. and passed away in 1367 A.H. at the age of 71 years. He is author of the internationally renowned book, "Bahare Shariat", which is in 18 volumes. This book contains a volume of information dealing with the Hanafi Law of Fiqh and answers all the questions pertaining to it. It is presently a "Handbook" of all Muslim institutions.
This Khalifa of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was one of the Head Advisers of the Department of Islamic Deeniyat at the Aligarh Muslim University. Moulvi Sulaiman Nadwi (a non-Sunni) said the following words concerning Allamah Sadrush Shariat (radi Allahu anhu), "Mawlana Amjad Ali is totally experienced in the field of teaching and he is well-versed in solving the new needs of the classroom."
Hadrat Allama Amjad Ali (radi Allahu anhu) also propagated Islam to the non-Muslims. He spent much of his time teaching.
Once in Ajmer Shareef, a very critical problem arose among the Muslims which threatened to destroy the Imaan of the innocent Muslims. The Hindu Rajput of India began introducing many new beliefs and false innovations to such an extent that those who were illiterate began following many traditions introduced by the Hindu Rajput. When Allamah Sadrush Shariat (radi Allahu anhu) heard of this, he immediately went to Ajmer Shareef with few of his students. He began teaching and making the Muslims aware of the polytheism and false innovations that they were following. Through his hard efforts, the Imaan of many Muslims were saved and many non-Muslims also accepted Islam.
He was blessed with 8 sons and each one of them became great Aalims. His 2 daughters became Aalimas. One of his sons, Muhaddith al-Kabeer, Hadrat Allamah Zia-ul-Mustapha Qadri and, another, Allama Baha-ul-Mustapha Qadri are teachers today at their respective Darul Ulooms in India.
Allama Shaykh Zia'uddeen Al Madani (radi allahu anhu): He was one of the most famous Khulafa of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) who lived in Madinatul Munawwara. Before coming to Madinat al-Munawwara he lived for some time in Baghdad Shareef. Allama Zia'uddeen Madani (radi Allahu anhu) arrived in Madinatul Munawwara in the year 1327 A.H. Here, he made Nikah to a pious lady from a Sayyad family.
He was a great Aalim, Sufi and Wali of his time. He hailed from a very illustrious family. His father was the famous Allama Abdul Hakim Siyalkoti (radi Allahu anhu), a powerful Islamic Scholar of his time, who gave the title of "Mujaddid-e-Alf Thaani" to Imam Rabbani, Imam Ahmad Sarhindi Faruqi (radi Allahu anhu), the Mujaddid of the 11th Islamic Century.
With the exception of being the Khalifa of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), he also gained Khilafat from various other Akaabireen (Great Ulema). Some of them are: Hadrat Allamah Shaykh Ahmad Shams Maghribi, Shaykh Mahmoodul Maghribi, Mawlana Abd'al Baaqi Farangi, and Allamah Abu Yusuf Nibhaani (radi Allahu Ta'ala anhum ajma'in).
He was a great Shaykh-e-Tariqat of his time. He spent day and night giving advice and guidance to the Ummah of the Beloved Prophet (salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He is well-known for his piety and steadfastness in Islam in Damascus, Iraq, Egypt, India, Pakistan, South Africa and many other countries. Allama Zia'uddeen Madani (radi Allahu anhu) also had many Khulafa and Mureeds throughout the world.
He left this mundane world on the 12th of August 1981 in the city of Madinatul Munawwara. His son, Hadrat Allamah Fadhl-ur Rahmaan Al Madani, is presently living in Madinatul Munawwarah and is following closely in the footsteps of his illustrious father.
Allama Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddeeqi Meerati (radi allahu anhu): He was born in the year 1892 and passed away in the year 1954 at the age of 62. He was amongst the most famous Khulafa of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
His Eminence, Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddeequi (radi Allahu anhu) was an Islamic Scholar and a holder of a B.A. degree from the University of Meerat (India). He spoke Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English, French, Indonesian, Malaysian and Japanese languages fluently.
In 1951, he toured the world preaching and propagating Islam. He visited America, London, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Europe, Southern Africa, Trinidad, Philippines, Iraq, Holland, Thailand, Ceylon, France, and many other countries. As a result of his efforts, thousands of non-Muslims accepted Islam. Princess Gladys Palmer of Burinia, Merwate Tifinch, the French Governor of Mauritius, Mahifl Donawa, a Minister of Trinidad and Mr F. Gengson, the Christian Minister of Ceylon, were some of the famous personalities who accepted Islam after meeting him.
His Eminence was also responsible for establishing various Masaajids and Islamic Educational Centres throughout the world. Three of the famous Masaajids are the Hanafi Masjid in Colombo, the Sultaan Masjid in Singapore and the Naagarya Masjid in Japan.
He was also the founder of various newspapers and Islamic magazines from amongst which are, "The Muslim Digest" (South Africa), "Trinidad Muslim Annual" and the "Pakistani News".
During his tour of the world, he met with various western dignitaries and had lengthy discussions with them on Islam. He met the world renowned Irish dramatist and Philosopher, George Bernard Shaw, on 17th of April 1935 during his visit to Mombassa and discussed many religious problems with him. He was very much impressed by Mawlana Abd'al Aleem Siddiqi (radi Allahu anhu) and said, "I have been very pleased to make the acquaintance, and it will be the most precious of all memories of this trip of mine."
His Eminence passed away in Madinatul Munawwara in 1954 and is buried in Jannatul Baqi.
Professor Dr Sayyad Jamaalud'deen, Director Zaakir Hussain Institute of Islamic Studies and Jaamia Millia, New Delhi, India, said: "Ahmad Raza Khan wrote over a thousand books and booklets which influenced many. He founded a Darul Uloom called Manzar al-Islam in 1904 which was able to draw students from different regions in India. His views were sought on a wide variety of social, religious and political affairs, and he proved guidance to many, including those from established Khanqahs. Many of his Disciples and Khalifas later founded madressas which soon developed into important spiritual centres. Some took up teaching, such as Mawlana Sulayman Ashraf, who headed the Theology Department of the M.A.O. College, Aligarh, while others swelled their ranks of the Pesh Imams in the Mosques."
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S FIRST HAJJ
Imagine the condition of that Lover of the Prophet or Aashiq-e-Rasool (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who is blessed with the opportunity of visiting the Rawza-e-Aqdas of the Holy Prophet (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and placing his eyes on the doorstep of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam). This opportunity of performing his first Hajj and Ziyarah was granted to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H. (1876). He was 20 years of age.
One day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salaah before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim (alaihis salaam). Having completed his Salaah, the Imam of the Shafi'i order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allamah Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal (radi Allahu anhu), approached him. He clutched A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) by his hand and led him to his house. The great Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and said: "Verily, I am observing the Noor of Almighty Allah on this forehead."
Without hesitation, he blessed A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) with the Sanad (Certificate) of Sahih Sitta (Six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa'i). He also began addressing A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) by the title of "Zia'uddeen" or "The Light or Splendour of Deen."
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was also blessed with the Sanads of Ahadith from the Muftis of the Hanafi order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Allama Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj and Mufti Shaykh Sayyad Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhuma).
IT WAS ALSO DURING THIS HISTORICAL VISIT THAT SAYYIDUNA A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) INFORMED THE ULEMA AL-HARAMAIN SHARIFAIN CONCERNING THE BLASPHEMOUS AND CORRUPT BELIEFS OF THE ULEMA-E-DEOBAND. Having studied A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) books, "Aljaamu Sunnah Li Ahli Fitna" and "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", which he presented to them, they also gave their verdicts on those who committed blasphemy and those who had written words of disrespect against Almighty Allah and His Beloved Rasool (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam). The verdicts of the Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah and Madinatul Munawwarah were compiled to form the famous, "Husaamul Haramain." We have quoted a few of the Fatawas from "Husaamul Haramain" later in this book.
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S SECOND HAJJ
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) performed his second Hajj in 1323 A.H. (1905). He was 49 years old.
On the 25th of Dhil-Hajj, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) once again had the opportunity of meeting the great Imam, Shaykh Saleh Kamaal (radi Allahu anhu). He also met Allama Sayyad Ismae'el (radi Allahu anhu) and many other Noble Ulema, who showed great respect towards him.
It was on this occasion that Allama Shaykh Saleh Kamaal (radi Allahu anhu) presented A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) with five questions pertaining to I'lm-e-Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen). These questions were posed on behalf of the Wahabi Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had to answer these five questions in two days.
In so happened that on the following day, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) contracted a heavy fever. In spite of his illness, he managed to answer all the questions relating to I'lm-e-Ghaib. In fact, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) presented such a detailed answer to the question of I'lm-e-Ghaib that it turned out to be a complete book on its own. He named this book, "Al Daulatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya."
The Learned Ulema of Haramain Sharifain were totally astounded when A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) presented this book to them on time. He completed this book of approximately 400 pages in only 8 hours. It was also in the pure Arabic language. If one totals the numerical values of the Arabic letters in the context of this Kitaab, "Al Daulatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya," one would discover that they amount to 1323. It was the same year, that is, 1323 A.H., in which A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) performed his second Hajj!
IN THE PRESENCE OF THE BELOVED PROPHET (SALLA ALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)
It was during A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) second visit to the Haramain Sharifain that his aspiration to see the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became very great. Continuously reciting the Durood Shareef with great veneration and humbleness in front of the Rawza-e-Mubarak of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he felt confident of seeing the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam).
It was during the second night of his visit to the doorstep of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he was given the opportunity of actually seeing the blessed personality of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam). On that night, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), in a state of total submission, lifted his pen and began writing a Naath in praise of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The first line of that Naath is: "Wo Soo'e La'la Zaar Phirte hai ..."
The beautiful Naath continues praising the Beloved of Allah (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and ends with the following verse:"Koyi Kyu Pooch teri baat Raza, Tujh se kutte hazaar phirte hai"
Here, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) lowers himself to the extremes and addresses himself as the "dog" of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). AT THIS POINT, HE WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY OF SEEING WITH HIS NAKED EYES THE BELOVED PERSONALITY OF THE NOBLE PROPHET (SALLA ALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM) STANDING BESIDE THE RAWZA-E-MUBARAK.
"Ar're Ai Raza tere dil ka pata chala ba mushkil
Darre Roza Ke Muqaabil wo hume Nazar to Aaya
Ye na pooch kaisa paaya, Ye Na pooch kaisa paaya
Tuje humd he khuda ya, Tuje humd he khuda ya"
HIS LOVE FOR THE BELOVED PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spent every moment of his life praising the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam). Everything he did was for the Pleasure of Almighty Allah and His Rasool (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam).
Professor Dr Abdul Wahid Halepota, Chairman, Council of Islamic Ideology, Government of Pakistan, said: "A'la Hadrat Mawlana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan is that ingenious personality of the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent whose academic position and legal insight has general recognisance. His multifarious achievements deserve that they should be spread on an international level. His greatest deed is that he beautified the hearts of the Muslims with the love of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) through his academic wonders, sweet speeches and most valuable Naatya Qalaam (Poetry in praise of the Noble Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)."
Once, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went into the Raza Masjid in Bareilly Shareef. He was confronted by a Majzoob, Hadrat Dhoka Shah (radi Allahu anhu). The Majzoob said, "O Ahmed Raza! I see the Power of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) only on the earth and not in the skies."
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), in turn, replied: "The Power of Huzoor (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) is on the earth and in the skies." The Majzoob said that he could not see this.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "Whether you see it or not, it is still present."
The Majzoob, in a highly spiritual state, said, "Go! I have dropped him."
At that moment, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), who was still a child, was playing on the roof of the house. When Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) reached the house, his mother came up to him and said, "You should know better than to argue with Majzoobs. Look! Mustapha Raza has fallen off the roof." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) enquired as to whether his son had been hurt or not. When he was told that he was not injured, he said, "I AM PREPARED TO SACRIFICE A THOUSAND MUSTAPHA RAZAS' ON THE RAZA (PLEASURE) OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM), BUT I WILL NOT ALLOW ONE WORD TO BE UTTERED AGAINST THE DIGNITY OF RASOOL-E-AKRAM (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)."
After some time, the Majzoob returned and met Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and said, "O AHMED RAZA! YOU ARE VICTORIOUS. OUR CASE WAS BROUGHT UP BEFORE SULTAANUL-HIND, HADRAT KWAJA GHARIB-UN NAWAAZ (RADI ALLAHU ANHU). HE HAD PASSED THE VERDICT ON YOUR BEHALF, AND ALHUMDULILLAH, THROUGH YOUR BLESSINGS, I AM NOW ABLE TO SEE THE KARAM (MERCY) OF THE BELOVED PROPHET (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) EVEN IN THE SKIES."
It has been recorded that Hadrat Mawlana Naee'muddeen Muradabadi once asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) the reason from him being so severe upon those who disrespected Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "O MAWLANA! I AM SEVERE UPON THOSE PEOPLE, BECAUSE INSTEAD OF INSULTING SAYYIDUNA RASULULLAH (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam), THEY SHOULD RATHER MAKE ME THE TARGET FOR THEIR INSULTS. I DO NOT HAVE ANY INTEREST IN WHAT THEY ARE CALLING ME. AT LEAST, WHILE THEY ARE BUSY INSULTING ME, MY BELOVED MASTER, SAYYIDUNA RASULULLAH (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) IS SPARED FROM THESE INSULTS."
The above mentioned incidents clearly highlights the following thoughts of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu): "If you desire my life, I will sacrifice it. If you desire my wealth I will give it. But, there is one thing that I will never sacrifice, and that is, the love and reverence for the beloved, Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)."
Dr Karrar Hussain, Vice Chancellor, Baluchistan University Quetta (Baluchistan) said: "I am impressed by his personality because it was he who gave pivotal role to the love and affection of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) without which, Islam is a body without a soul."
Also commenting on the great love that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had for Sayyadina Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam), Justice Shamim Hussain Qadri, Punjab High Court, Lahore (Pakistan), said: "He was a devotee of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) from the deepest chambers of his heart, and to popularise this attitude is the need of the hour. Love, affection and devotion to the Most Beloved Prophet's (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) personality is the only solution to the multifarious problems of our temporal life and a solution for the life hereafter."
LOVE AND RESPECT FOR THE DESCENDANTS OF THE BELOVED PROPHET (SALLA ALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)
It is A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) who showed the Muslim world how to respect the descendants or family of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam). His entire life is filled such with incidents.
Many are aware of this famous incident. Once, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was invited to the home of a certain person. In those days, the Ulema were carried in chariots as a means of transport. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was sitting in one of these chariots that was carried by the chariot-bearers. As they proceeded along the way, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) suddenly commanded the chariot-bearers to stop. He immediately alighted from the chariot and asked, "Who is a Sayyad from amongst you? I am receiving the scent of a Sayyad." One of the chariot-bearer's, who was a Sayyad, was too scared to speak. Nevertheless, when A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) further prompted that person to reveal himself, he came forward and admitted that he was Sayyad.
With tears in his eyes, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) fell at his feet and began asking for pardon. The Sayyad continuously asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to refrain from doing so but, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) continued asking for pardon, by saying, "Please forgive me. What would I do on the Day of Qiyamah if the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) asks me concerning this incident, and says to me that I showed disrespect to his family?"
The Sayyad readily forgave A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). But this Aashiq-e-Rasool (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was yet not satisfied. He commanded the Sayyad to sit on the Chariot, and placing the chariot on his blessed shoulders, carried the Sayyad for the same distance which he had been carried!
Allahu Akhbar! Those who had been witnesses to this incident could not believe that the Imam of the Ahl as-Sunnah Wa'h Jama'ah, the Mujaddid of Islam was carrying a chariot-bearer on his blessed shoulders. But to A'la Hadrat (radi allahu anhu), that person that he was carrying was no ordinary chariot-bearer. It was a family of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam)!
It has also been stated that a child, who was a Sayyad, used to live in the vicinity of Bareilly Shareef. The child used to play in the presence of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) while A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would be busy writing. EACH TIME THAT THE CHILD RAN PASS THE DOOR OR CAME IN THE PRESENCE OF A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU), HE WOULD STAND UP IN RESPECT FOR THAT CHILD. EVEN WHEN THE CHILD PASSED THE DOOR TEN TIMES IN A DAY, THEN A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) USED TO STAND UP TENS TIMES IN A DAY IN RESPECT FOR THAT SAYYAD CHILD.
When Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) was asked about the Islamic punishment that was to be meted out to a Sayyad, he remarked, "Even though a Judge is called upon to declare judgement and punishment upon a Sayyad, and the penalty that he has decreed is within the tenets of Islam, he (the Judge), should not have the Niyah (intention) that he is punishing the Sayyad. Rather, he should think that a small amount of mud has smeared itself on the Sayyad's feet, which he is merely washing away". (Al Malfooz Shareef)
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S ADHERENCE TO THE SUNNAH
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) laid great emphasis on the followance of the Sunnah of Sayyadina Rasoolulah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam).
The following account clearly describes A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) great trust and faith upon the Sunnah. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) narrates, "There was once a rumour in Bareilly, that the Plague had appeared. Co-incidently, at that moment, my gums became extremely inflamed. It continued to such proportions that it became difficult for me to open my mouth. I also had a high fever, coupled with inflamed glands. The doctor who was called, looked at me closely for a few minutes. He exclaimed that I had the Plague. I could not speak at that moment, or else I could have told him that his diagnosis was incorrect and false.
"I was certain that I did not have the Plague or any other major disease, simply because I had already recited a Dua as explained by Sayyiduna Rasoolulah (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who said that if one sees a serious and deadly illness, he should recite the following Dua, which would protect the person from such an illness. I had, therefore, recited this dua: 'Al hamdu lil laahil lazi aafini mim mab tilaaka bihi wa fad dalni 'ala katheeram mimam khalaqa tafdeelan.' Whenever I saw a serious illness, I recited this Dua, therefore, I was protected against it, including the Plague.
"Thereafter, with extreme respect, I proclaimed aloud, 'O Allah! Prove that the words of your beloved Habeeb (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) is true, and that the words of the doctor is false'. At that moment a voice on my right advised me to use the Miswaak and black pepper. With a little difficulty, I performed brushing with the Miswaak and kept the black pepper on my tongue as a tablet. Infinite, indeed, is the Mercy of Almighty Allah! Within a few minutes, I had gained my strength and sent the doctor away by proving that his diagnosis was false and baseless."
A similar incident showing the great trust that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had in Almighty Allah and His beloved Habeeb (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) is recorded by Mawlana Mohammed Shareef. He says, "Once, when A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was returning from Hajj by ship with his father, there was a great storm. The storm reached such an intensity that the Captain advised the passengers to wear their kafans (shrouds), for he could see no escape from such a storm. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), noticing the concern on the face of his father, inquired as to what had transpired. His father replied, 'My beloved son, I have no concern for myself, rather it is for you that I am sad'. The young A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, 'O father! If the captain has lost hope then let him do so. We should have complete faith in Allah and His beloved Habeeb, Sayyadina Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam). In accordance with the commands of the beloved Habeeb (Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam), when entering this ship, I recited the Dua: 'Subhaanal lazi sakh khara lana haaza wa maa kunna lahu muq rineen wa inna ila Rabbina la mun qalibun'. Sayyadina Rasulullah (Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) has stated that, 'Whosoever, recites this Dua when entering a ship (any mode of transport), that ship would not be destroyed. Therefore, I have absolute certainty that generations may change, yet, this ship would never sink'."
A'LA HADRAT, HAVING MERELY SPOKEN THESE WORDS, WHEN THE CAPTAIN ARRIVED AND BEGAN INFORMING THE PASSENGERS THAT THE STORM IS SUBSIDING AND THAT THERE WAS NO NEED FOR CONCERN!
LOVE FOR SAYYIDUNA GHAWTH AL-A'ZAM (RADI ALLAHU ANHU)
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) possessed immense love for Sultan al-Awliya Sayyadina Ghawth al-A'zam, as-Sayyad Shaykh Abd'al Qadir al-Jilani Baghdadi (radi Allahu ta'ala anhu).
His Holiness Hadrat Muhaddith al-Azam al-Hind (radi Allahu anhu) reported that in the period when he was given permission to serve in the Darul Ifta at Bareilly Shareef, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) bought sweets (Niyaaz) to the value of 11 Rupees and made the Fatiha of Sayyadina Ghawth al-A'zam (radi allahu anhu). He then distributed the sweets to those who were present. While the sweets were being distributed, those who were present became astonished to see A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) standing up from his chair and kneeling down on to the floor in the Tashahud position. They immediately came closer to him too see what had happened. Then only did they realise that the person distributing the Niyaaz had dropped a little on the ground, and A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was lifting this piece of Niyaaz with the tip of his blessed tongue!
This alone will show the great amount of love and respect that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) possessed for Shaykh Abd'al-Qadir al-Jilani (radi Allahu anhu). It has been stated that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was not only the Na'ib (Helper) of Sayyadina Ghawth al-A'zam (radi Allahu ta'ala anhu), but he was also the Ghawth al-A'zam of his time. He wrote many Manqabats in praise of Hadrat Shaykh Abd'al-Qadir al-Jilani (radi Allahu ta'ala anhu).
HIS CONTENTMENT AND HIS ABSTENTION FROM WORLDLY ACTIVITIES
It is recorded that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had a few acres of land in his possession. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) left the entire maintenance of the land in the responsibility and trust of others. Although A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) received a monthly allowance from his own property, he spent his allowance in the service of guests, of Sayyads and in the purchasing of books. There were times when A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was left with only a few pennies in his pockets! But he never inquired about the income that he received from his few possessions. (Al Mizaan, pg. 335)
During the Khilafat Movement, Ghandi was advised that he should meet with the distinguished Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). This suggestion was made to Ghandi by people such as the Ali Brothers, Mawlana Qiyaamudeen and Abd'al Baari Faranghi. They said that since A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) commanded the respect of the large Muslim populace, it would assist them in their Khilafat Movement.
When A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was told that the Ghandhi wished to meet and speak to him, he said, "What would he speak about? Religion or worldly affairs? If it is worldly affairs, what can I partake in, for I have abstained from the world and have no interest in it." (Al Mizaan, pg. 335)
IMAM AHMED RAZA AS THE MUJADDID OF THE 14TH CENTURY
Undoubtedly, besides being recognised as a great Wali, as the Ghawth al-A'zam and as the Imam Abu Hanifa (radi Allahu anhum) of his time, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was also the Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 14th Century. He possessed all the conditions of a Mujaddid and his entire life was spent trying to revive the Deen of the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allaahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam).
A cloud of darkness had covered most of the world and the false concepts of Polytheism (Shirk) and Innovations (Bid'at) were coming into existence. The Muslims were in a state of confusion. They were surrounded by the cloud of Kufr (Disbelief), Shirk and Bid'at. It is through the Divine Grace of Almighty Allah and the Sadaqah of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) that the Reviver of the 14th Century, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) shone like the sun. With his bright proofs, he destroyed the darkness of Kufr and revived Islam.
Professor Manzoorud'deen Ahmad, Vice Chancellor, University of Karachi said: "The reality is that on reading several books of Imam Ahmed Raza, I have come to the conclusion that through his writings and speeches, the Fatawa (Inquisitions) and hundreds of small and bulky treatises, he had struggled for the revival of Islam, and as a reward he was declared as a Mujaddid of his Century by the Ulema (Scholars of Islam), in particular, the scholars of Makkah and Madinah (Haramain Sharifain). . ."
A Hadith recorded in Mishkaat Shareef and quoted by Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) who says that the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) said: "VERILY, AT THE END OF EVERY CENTURY, ALMIGHTY ALLAH WILL SEND SUCH A PERSON TO THE UMMAH, WHO WILL REVIVE THE DEEN FOR THE THEM (THE UMMAH)."
In other the words, when there comes a period in which there is a shortage of knowledge and a deterioration in following of the Sunnah; when there is an increase in false innovations and ignorance; then Almighty Allah will send a person at the beginning or end of every century who will show the difference between Sunnah and Bid'at. He will refute and destroy false innovations and will fear none but Almighty Allah. He will very bravely and sincerely hoist the flag of Deen al-Muhammadi (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam). Such a person is known as a "Mujaddid" (Reviver) of Deen.
The author of the book, "Siraajum Muneer", has explained who a Mujaddid is in the following words: "In other words, to revive the Deen is to revive those teachings of the Noble Qur'an and Sunnah that are being destroyed and to give command according to the Quran al kareem and Sunnah."
Allamah Munaadi (radi Allahu anhu) states:"A Mujaddid is one who separates Sunnah from Bid'ah and one who degrades the status of the Ahle Bid'ah."
Why does a Mujaddid come after 100 years? A Mujaddid is sent after every 100 years because after every century the surroundings, the environment, the manner of thinking and ways of the people tend to pass through a massive transformation. It has been stated in the Hadith of Bukhari Shareef that during the latter stages of the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) physical life, one night, after performing Esha Salaah, he stood up and said, "Should I inform you of the importance of this night? From this night onwards, right up to the end of a 100 years, that person who is alive on the earth (presently) will not be alive."
Can their be more than one Mujaddid to a century? Yes. There can be more, and there has already been more than one Mujaddid to a Century. In the Hadith, the Arabic word that is used to explain the coming of the Mujaddid is in the singular tense, but according to the meaning, it is a plural as it has been explained in the Kitaabs of Usool-e-Fiqh. Allamah Mulla Ali bin Sultan Qaari (radi Allahu anhu) who is the Mujaddid of the 11th Century says, "From the words, not only one single person is implied, but the implication is towards a group of people, from amongst whom each one is reforming a single type of knowledge or all types of knowledge in his city."
A LIST OF KNOWN MUJADDIDS FROM PREVIOUS CENTURY'S :
1st CENTURY :
a. Sayyiduna Imam Umar bin Abdul Aziz (radi Allahu anhu)
2nd CENTURY :
a. Imam Hassan Basri,
b. Imam Muhammad bin Hassan Shaibani,
c. Imam Maalik bin Anas,
d. Imam Abdullah bin Idrees Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhum)
3rd CENTURY :
a. Imam Abul Hassan bin Umar,
b. Imam Ahmad bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhuma)
4th CENTURY :
a. Imam Tahtaawi,
b. Imam Isma'eel bin Hammaad Ja'fari,
c. Imam Abu Jaafar bin Jareer Tibri,
d. Imam Abu Haatim Raazi (radi Allahu anhum)
5th CENTURY :
a. Imam Abu Naeem Isfahani,
b. Imam Abul Hussain Ahmad bin Muhammad Abi Bakr-il-Qaadir,
c. Imam Hussain bin Raaghib,
d. Imam Muhammad bin Muhammad Ghazzali (radi Allahu anhum)
6th CENTURY :
a. Imam Abul Fadhl Umar Raazi,
b. Allama Imam Umar Nasfi,
c. Imam Qaazi Fakhrud'Deen Hassan Mansoor,
d. Imam Abu Muhammad Hussain bin Mas'ood Fara'a (radi Allahu anhum)
7th CENTURY :
a. Allama Imam Abul Fadhl Jamaaluddeen Muhammad bin Afriqi Misri,
b. Imam Shaykh Shahbuddeen Suharwardi,
c. Kwaja Muhi'yuddeen Chishti Ajmeri,
d. Imam Abul Hassan Uz'zuddeen Ali bin Muhammad Ibn Atheer,
e. Imam Shaykh Akbar Muhi'yuddeen Muhammad ibn Arabi (radi Allahu anhum)
8th CENTURY :
a. Imam Taaj'uddeen bin Ata'ullah Sikandari,
b. Kwaja Nizaamuddeen Awliyah Mahboob-e-Ilahi,
c. Imam Umar bin Mas'ood Taftazaani (radi Allahu anhum)
9th CENTURY :
a. Imam Hafiz Jallaluddeen Abu Bakr Abdur Rahmaan Suyuti,
b. Imam Nooruddeen bin Ahmad Misri,
c. Imam Muhammad bin Yusuf Karmani,
d. Imam Shamsuddeen Abul Kheyr Muhammad bin Abdur Rahmaan Sakhawi,
e. Allamah Imam Sayyad Shareef Ali bin Muhammad Jarmaani (radi Allahu anhum)
10th CENTURY :
a. Imam Shahabuddeen Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad Khatib Qistalaani,
b. Imam Muhammad Sharbini,
c. Allamah Shaykh Muhammad Taahir Muhaddith (radi Allahu anhum)
11th CENTURY :
a. Imam Ali bin Sultaan Qaari,
b. Imam Shaykh Ahmad Sarhindi Mujaddid-e-Alf Thaani,
c. Sultaan al-Arifeen Imam Muhammad Baahu (radi Allahu anhum)
12th CENTURY :
a. Allama Mawlana Imam Abul Hassan Muhammad bin Abdul Haadi Sindhi,
b. Imam Abdul Ghani Taablisi,
c. Shaykh Ahmad Mulla Jeewan (radi Allahu anhum)
13th CENTURY :
a. Imam Abdul Ali Luckhnowi,
b. Imam Shaykh Ahmad Saadi Maaliki,
c. Allama Imam Ahmad bin Ismaeel Tahtaawi,
d. Allama Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith-e-Delhwi (radi Allahu anhum)
Imam al Ahl as-Sunnat, Qami-e-Bid'at, Mujaddid alA'zam, A'la Hadrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu)
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S JIHAD AGAINST THE INSULTERS OF SAYYIDUNA RASULULLAH (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)
Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spent much of his time also refuting those who insulted the dignity of the Holy Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He left no stone unturned in safe-guarding the dignity and integrity of Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam), in spite of being personally attacked by the misguided. These personal attacks did not bother him in the least bit!
Allamah Abdul Hamid, Vice Chancellor of Al Jamia Al-Nizamiyya (Hyderbad, India), said: "Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan was a Sword of Islam and a great commander for the cause of Islam. He may justifiably be called AN INVINCIBLE FORT THAT HELPED TO DEFEND THE BASIC TENETS AND IDEAS OF THE AHL AS SUNNAH WAL JAMA'AT. It is on accord of his untiring efforts that due respect and regard for the Messenger of Allah, Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) and other Sufis and Saints of Islam is still alive in the Muslim Society. His opponents had to mend their ways. No doubt he is the Imaam (Leader) of the Ahl as Sunnah. His written and compiled works reflect immense depth and vision."
Justice Allamah Mufti Sayyid Shuja'at Ali Qadri (radi Allahu anhu), Shariah Court, Government of Pakistan (Islamabad), said: "He was pious like Ahmad bin Hambal and Shaykh Abd'al Qadir al-Jilani (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhum). He had true acumen and insight of Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Abu Yusuf. He commanded the force of logic like Imam Razi and Imam Ghazzali, bold enough like Mujaddid Alf Thaani and Mansoor Hallaj to proclaim the truth. Indeed, he was intolerant to non-believers, kind and sympathetic to devotees, and the affectionates of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam)."
The adversaries of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) levelled many accusations and tried desperately in defending their Kufr statements. After much proofs, when it became absolutely clear to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) that certain misguided individuals were not prepared in withdrawing their Kufr statements and making Tauba, and in order to protect Islam, he passed Kufr Fatawas against those persons. We should remember that he passed the "Fatawa-e-Takfeer" (Kufr Fatawa) against those persons who insulted the status and dignity of Almighty Allah and His Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). He passed the Fatawa-e-Takfeer on persons such as Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi and Khalil Ahmad Ambetwi and others because, through their writings, it was evident that they had insulted the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam).
We will quote some of the following blasphemous statements that were made by them:
In page 51 of "Baraahin Qatia", Khalil Ahmed Ambetwi says: "After looking at the condition of Satan and the Angel of Death, it can be gained that they possess a great depth of knowledge and this has been proven from Quran and Ahadith. To prove such knowledge for Fakhre Aalam (Muhammad Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) without proof from the Qur'an al kareem and Ahadith, but from common sense, is a false thought. If, to do so is not a Shirk, then in which category of faith does it fall?"
In page 6 of "Hifzul Imaan", (Printed in Mazahirul Uloom), Ashraf Ali Thanvi says: "If Knowledge of the Unseen refers to partial knowledge, then what speciality is there in Nabi (Salla Allaahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam). Such knowledge is possessed by Zaid and Amr (any Tom, Dick and Harry), every child, insane people and all types of animals."
In page 5 of "Tahzeerun Naas", (Published in Makhtaba Fayz Nazd Jami Masjid Deoband), Qasim Nanotwi says: "Prophets are superior to their followers only in Knowledge, but in good deeds, followers sometimes seem equal and occasionally even become superior to them."
In Part 2, page 12 of "Fatawa Rasheedia", (Published Makhtaba Rasheedia Jami Masjid Delhi), Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi says: "The word 'Rahmatul lil A'lameen' is not a speciality of Rasool (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). But other Prophets, Saints and great Ulema are also cause for mercy unto the worlds, even though Rasool (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) is the highest of them all. Therefore, to use this word on others, is also permissible."
If one examines the original books that were written by such persons, one will find other similar disrespectful statements found in their writings.
Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat's (radi Allahu anhu) cautiousness in declaring a person a Kaafir is to be noted in many of his books. In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", he academically destroys the arguments of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi. Yet, at the end of the book, A'la Hadrat says, "The Ulema have not termed this individual as a Kaafir, therefore, one has to be careful."
Once again, refuting the arguments of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi and a few of his "infamous" followers in another book, "Al Kaukabatush Sha'haabiya", A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) says, "In our opinion (the opinion of Islam), to term a person a Kaafir and to control one's tongue is an act of extreme precaution and analysis."
In another treatise entitled, "Sallus Suyooful Hindiya", A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) states: "There is indeed a difference between accepting words of Kufr and branding a person a Kaafir. We have to be extremely careful. We have to remain silent. If there is the minutest possibility that he is still a Muslim, we should fear terming that person a Kaafir."
In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) says, "We do not give any comment on the Kufr of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi, simply because Sayyiduna Rasulullah (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) has warned us against terming the Ahle Qibla as Kaafirs. (It is only possible) to term a person a Kaafir if his Kufr becomes clear as the sun and the minutest indication does not remain that he is a Muslim." (Tamheed-e-Imaan, pg. 42-43)
From the above statements, we clearly see how careful A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was, in terming a person a Kaafir. He was merely fulfilling his duty as a conscientious and responsible Muslim. The fault was indeed of those individuals, who even after being warned, remained steadfast in their own beliefs and words of Kufr.
As we have already stated earlier, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) sent many of the blasphemous and insulting statements to the Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah and Madinatul Munawwarah for clarification. They did not hesitate in passing the Fatawa of Kufr against such people who insulted Almighty Allah and the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam).
A FEW FATAWAS OF THE ULEMA-E-HARAMAIN SHARIFAIN
"All Praise is due to Allah, the Master of the Worlds, Who has made the Ulema-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) the freshness of this world. By manifesting truth and guidance, and filling cities and heights, and by siding the religion of Sayyidul Mursaleen (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) they saved the society of Huzoor (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) from violation and (with their bright proofs) they destroyed the heresy of those who were misled.
"After sending praise and salutations, I have seen that which that learned person and professional teacher has purely written. It is a struggle on behalf of the religion of Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). In other words, my brother and my respected Hadrat Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), who in his book, "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad" has refuted the evil leaders of the false sects and false beliefs. Such people are worse than all evil, wicked and seditious people. Our author, in his book, has summarised and stated the names of those wrongdoers, who due to their wrong doings, are soon to become the worst and the lowest amongst the infidels.
"May Almighty Allah grant him (Imam Ahmed Raza) great reward for unveiling the wickedness and wrongness. May Allah accept his efforts and place his most high honour into the hearts of all people."
He has said this with his tongue and his writing has given an order. He is hopeful in gaining all he wishes from his Creator.
MUHAMMAD SAEED BIN BAABSEEL - MUFTI OF THE SHAFI'I ORDER IN MAKKAH (radi Allahu anhu)
"All Praise is for Allah Who is One. After Praise, I have heard of this bright and evident book. I have realised that our leader and most learned sea of great wisdom, Hadrat Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) has made obvious the wrongs of those who have come out of Deen, those who walk on the path of the infidels and the wicked ones, in his book "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad." From among their corrupt beliefs, not one of them did he leave un-examined.
"O! Readers, it is essential for you to hold on to this Kitaab which it's author has written with great swiftness. You will find in this book bright and evident proof in refutal of these groups. Especially those individuals who intend to undo the objective which is already bound. Who are these individuals who are known as Wahabis? From amongst them is "Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani" who has claimed Prophethood, and the other ones who have come out of Deen and insulted the dignity of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) are Qasim Nanotwi, Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, Khalil Ahmad Ambetwi and Ashraf Ali Thanwi and all those who follow their ways.
"Almighty Allah grant Imam Ahmed Raza Khan great reward for he has given cure and has answered his decree which is in his book, "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", in which are also the decrees of the Ulema of Makkah and Madina. Due to the corruption and trouble, it has become necessary for them as they (the misguided) are spreading corruption on this earth. They and all those on their path.
"May Almighty Allah execute them where they behave arrogantly. May Allah give Imam Ahmed Raza glad tidings and shower His blessings upon him and his children amongst those who will speak truthfully until Qiyamah. Ameen."
One in need of forgiveness from his Powerful Creator.
MUHAMMAD BIN ABDUS SALAAM DAGHISTANI - MUFTI MADINATUL MUNAWWARA (radi Allahu anhu)
"All Praise is due to Almighty Allah Who has shown the path to those whom He has guided and with His Justice, misguided him who he has left, and granted the Believers an easy path to gain advice. He has opened their hearts to bring faith in Almighty Allah and bear witness with their tongues and keep sincerity with their hearts and follow that which Allah and His Books have shown.
"Peace and Salutations upon him whom Allah has sent as a mercy unto the worlds, and upon him sent down His Clear Kitaab in which is the bright explanation of everything and to terminate the wrongness of the disbelievers. This Nabi (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) whose proof and arguments are clear, has made it obvious from his practices. Salutations upon his family for they are guides, and upon his Companions who have made the Deen firm and beneficent, and upon their followers until Qiyamah, especially, the four A'ima-e-Mujtahideen and those Muslims who are their followers.
"After Praise and Salutations, I put my sight on the book of a learned person on this earth. He has widened the path of knowledge and, in it (the book) made obvious every interpretation and utterance in his clearly convincing and sufficient arguments. He is Hadrat Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) on whose name is "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad."
"May Almighty Allah protect his life and always keep him happy. Now, that which is in refutal of those people, cursed and evil Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, who is the Dajjal Khazzab of the last decade. Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi and Khalil Ambetwi and Ashraf Ali Thanwi, degrading and insulting Nabi (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam). THEN, IT IS NO DOUBT THAT THEY ARE KAAFIRS AND THOSE WHO HAVE THE POWER TO EXECUTE THEM, THEN IT IS NECESSARY FOR THEM TO DO SO, TO GIVE THEM THE DEATH SENTENCE."
This has been said by the servant of Allah
MUHAMMAD BIN HAMDAAN MAHSARI- SERVANT AT MUSJID-E-NABAWI (radi Allahu anhu)
SOME TITLES BESTOWED UPON HIM BY THE NOBLE ULEMA OF MAKKATUL MUKARRAMAH
1. A COOLNESS FOR THE EYES OF THE ULEMA
2. A BELOVED AND ACCEPTED SLAVE OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH
3. THE SEAL OF GREAT ISLAMIC RESEARCH SCHOLARS
4. A LEADER OF ULEMA
5. THE MUJADDID OF THIS CENTURY
These titles are recorded in the books, "Al Fuyuzaatul Makkiya", "Hisaamul Haramain" and "Ad Daulatul Makkiya."
SOME TITLES BESTOWED UPON HIM BY THE NOBLE ULEMA OF MADINATUL MUNAWWARAH
1. THE LEADER AMONG IMAMS
2. THE LEADER AMONG MYSTICS
3. THE PRIDE OF GREAT PRECEDING ULEMA AND THE LEADER OF FUTURE ULEMA
4. THE MUJADDID OF THIS UMMAH
5. A JUDGE AMONG ISLAMIC JUDGES
6. THE IMAM AMONG SCHOLARS OF AHADITH
7. THE DESTROYER OF BID'AT AND THE UPHOLDER OF SUNNAH
8. THE MUJADDID OF THIS CENTURY
These titles are recorded in the books, "Al Fuyuzaat al-Makkiya", "Hisaam al-Haramain", and "Ad Daulat al- Makkiya."
HIS UNIQUE MEMORY
Once A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went to Pillibit Shareef. He stayed with Muhaddith al-Surat, Hadrat Mawlana Wasi Ahmad Sahib (radi Allahu anhu). Before leaving for Bareilly Shareef, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) requested to borrow a Kitaab called "Uqoodul Arya" from him. As there was only one copy of the book he gave A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) the book and said, "After studying the book, please return it as these are the only few kitaabs that I have for Fatawa writing."
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was supposed to depart from Pillibit Shareef that night, but since he had been invited at another person's home, he stayed one more night in Pillibit Shareef. Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spent the entire night studying the Kitaab, which consisted of numerous volumes.
The following morning, before leaving for the Railway Station to meet A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), Hadrat Muhaddith al-Surat (radi Allahu anhu) found that the Kitaab that he had lent A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had been returned. He thought that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was angry and displeased with him for asking him to return the Kitaab quickly. He immediately went to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and asked for pardon. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) smiled and then said, "That is not the reason for returning the Kitaab. I stayed one more night, so I studied the book and, therefore, did not find the need to take it with me."
When Hadrat Muhaddith al-Surat (radi Allahu anhu) heard this he was surprised and exclaimed, "You have studied this book in one night!" A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "INSHA-ALLAH, FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS I WILL NOT NEED TO LOOK AT THE BOOK TO FIND ANY STATEMENTS, AND AS FOR THE ESSENCE OF THE BOOK, INSHA-ALLAH, I WILL NOT FORGET IT IN MY LIFETIME." He then said, "THE BOOK DID NOT HAVE A TABLE OF CONTENTS. I HAVE DRAWN UP ONE FOR YOU."
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was intially not a Hafiz al-Qur'an. Once, someone wrote a letter to Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and addressed him as "Hafiz". When A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) saw this, he became depressed for he felt that he was not worthy of such a title. He immediately decided to become a Hafiz of the Noble Qur'an.
How did he become a Hafiz al-Qur'an? It has been stated that in the time period from Wudhu till the time of Jamaat, Hadrat Allama Sadr ash-Shariat (radi Allahu anhu) would recite one Sipara. Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would listen to it and, thereafter, recite the same Sipara in the Taraweeh Salaah. HE CONTINUED THIS ROUTINE FOR 30 DAYS, AND BY THE END OF THE MONTH OF RAMADAAN, A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) BECAME A COMPLETE HAFIZ OF THE GLORIOUS QUR'AN AL HAKEEM!
Both the inner and outer personality of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was the same. He never compromised when it came to Shariat-e-Mustapha (Salla Allaah Alayhi wa Sallam). He used to reprimand anyone who even uttered one word against Shariah. He was the living example of:"LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH AND HATE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH."
He never hurt the feelings of any good Muslim. He showed a splendid amount of affection towards the poor and orphans. On a certain occasion, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was invited to a person's house. Allama Zafruddeen Bihari (radi Allahu anhu) accompanied him. The host, due to his extreme poverty, could only afford to place a few pieces of bread and some beef before his honourable guests. When Allama Zafruddeen (radi Allahu anhu) saw the beef on the table, he became very uncomfortable as he knew that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) never used to eat beef. It did not agree with his health. But, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) did not object to the food. He sensed what Allama Zafruddeen (radi Allahu anhu) was thinking about, so he said, "If any Muslim recites the following dua before eating, then no harm will be caused by the food."
After completing the meal and, as they were departing, Allama Zafruddeen (radi Allahu anhu) questioned the host about his reason for inviting Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to his house in such a time of poverty. The host very confidently replied that although he was in such a state, he was sure that by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) presence in his home, his home would be blessed with Barakah and Mercy from Almighty Allah.
Once, a young boy went to see A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) at his home. He said, "Huzoor! You are invited to my house tomorrow morning." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) lovingly asked the boy, "What will you be feeding me?" The boy, undoing a knot at the bottom of his kurta, happily replied, "Look! I have brought some Dhall and chillies." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) said, "Very well then. I shall come tomorrow."
The following morning, Hajee Kifaayatullah (radi Allahu anhu) accompanied A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to the boy's house. As they entered the house, Hajee Kifaayatullah commented, "Huzoor! This is the home of a musician." Just then the boy appeared to wash their hands. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) asked him, "Where is your father and what is his occupation?" Before the boy could answer, the boy's mother, from behind the pardah, respectfully said, "Huzoor! My husband passed away and he used to be a musician, but before his death he repented. Now, all that I have is this young boy who works to support us." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then made Dua-e-Barakah and sat down to eat. After eating he said, "If I would receive such sincere invitations daily, then I will definitely accept them."
Professor Dr Mukhtarud'deen Arzoo, Dean of the Department of Arabic, Muslim University Aligarh, said: "His affection and hate was for the sake of Allah. Believers in Almighty Allah were his friends, and non-believers his enemies. Followers of Allah and His last Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) were close and dear to him. He was not unkind to his personal opponents. He was never harsh to them, but he never spared the enemies of Islam. The entire life of A'la Hadrat was illuminated with the glorious observance of Sunnat-e-Nabwi (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."
OBEDIENCE TOWARDS PARENTS
After the demise of his father, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (radi Allahu anhu), A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) inherited all his properties. Although he was the sole owner and beneficiary of these properties, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) never spent a single cent of this wealth without first seeking the permission of his blessed mother. Even if he wished to buy a Kitaab for study purposes he asked permission from his mother!
When A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wished to fulfill his heart's desire of being present in front of the Rauza-e-Anwar, the Blessed Tomb of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he first sought the permission of his blessed mother. She immediately granted him permission by saying: "Bismillahi Khuda Hafiz."
RESPECT TOWARDS THE SUPERIOR ULEMA
While studying the life of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), it is difficult not to comprehend that he was, towards the enemies of Islam, an example of "Ashidda'aoo alal kuffar" (harsh upon the Kufaar). Towards the pious Muslims he was the shining example of "Ruhhamaoo bainahuma" (caring towards each other).
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) always showed immense love and respect towards the Ulema of the Ahl as-Sunnah Wa Jama'ah. He had a liking towards Allama Abdul Qaadir Badayouni (radi Allahu anhu). Concerning the Ulema-e-Haq, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) always praised them with the following words, "THESE ULEMA ARE SUCH THAT IF THEY HAD TO ENTER A BARREN TOWN, THEN IT TURNS INTO A BRIGHT CITY, AND WHEN THEY DEPART FROM A CITY, IT BECOMES A BARREN TOWN."
Hadrat Mahdi Hassan Barkaati (radi Allahu anhu), the Sajjada-e-Nashin of Sarkaare Kilan Mahrerah Shareef states, "When I used to go to Bareilly Shareef, Huzoor A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would personally bring out the food for me, and he would also wash my hands. Once, while washing my hands, he requested me to give him my ring and bangle which were made of gold. I immediately presented them to him. Later, I departed to Bombay. When I returned to Mahrerah Shareef, my daughter informed me that there was a parcel for me from Bareilly Shareef. I opened the parcel and found enclosed the ring and bangle. There was also a note in it which A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wrote presenting the jewels to my daughter."
Subhan-Allah! Look at the respect and wisdom that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) showed towards his superiors. He practised upon the law of "Amr bil Ma'roof Wa Nahi Anil Munkir" (forbidding that what is not proper and practising that what is good) and the same time showing great respect towards Hadrat Mahdi Hassan Barkaati (radi Allahu anhu).
RESPECT FOR THE MASJID
Once, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was performing I'tikaaf in the Masjid in Bareilly Shareef. It was a cold winter's night. It was raining quiet heavily. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went to perform his Wudhu. In order not to allow the Masjid floors from becoming wet, he placed the blanket that he was wearing on to the Masjid floor by folding it four times to soak in the water. He then made his Wudhu on the blanket. Thus, he did not allow one drop of water to fall in the Masjid. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) then spent the entire night shivering in the cold since he did not have a blanket to cover himself with because it was damp with water.
LOVE AND RESPECT TOWARDS PILGRIMS
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) always showed great respect to Pilgrims (Hajees). He made it his duty to meet with the Hajees when they arrived from the Haramain Sharifain. Whenever he would meet a Hajee, the very first question he used to ask was, "DID YOU VISIT THE MAZAAR OF THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SALLA ALLAAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)?" If the answer he received was in the affirmative, then he would kiss the feet of the Hajee. If the Hajee replied that he did not, then A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would show his dissatisfaction and would end his conversation with that person.
CARE FOR CHILDREN
Hadrat Allama Zafruddeen Bihari (radi Allahu anhu) states that while he was still a student in Bareilly Shareef, he and many others used to spend their Eid in Bareilly Shareef. They did not go home to their families as they lived far from the madressa. But, he says that Eid was always spent joyfully because A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) used to treat them like his very own children. He used to also give them "Eidi" (spending money) on that day.
When Muffasir al-A'zam al-Hind, Hadrat Ebrahim Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), who is the father of Tajush Shariah, Hadrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Al Azhari, was born, his grand-father, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), out of great joy, invited all the students of Madressa Manzare Islam to a meal. Before preparing the meal, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) asked each group of students as to what they enjoyed eating. Accordingly, he prepared the meals for them - fish and rice for the Bengali students; Firini, Zarda and Breyani for the Bihari students; and sheep for the Punjabi and other foreign students.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) loved and cared for children. He always made them feel comfortable around him. He never shouted or scolded at them unnecessarily. If any child did something wrong, he would gently explain to that child their error and show them the right path. He always returned the Salaams of little children.
A FEW OF IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S UNIQUE HABITS
1. He never kept any ordinary book on the books of Ahadith.
2. He would be displeased if anyone spoke out unnecessarily while he explained the Ahadith.
3. He did not prefer anyone to sit with one leg onto the lap of the other leg. He would usually sit with both knees erect.
4. He would sit in the position of Tashahhud from the beginning to the end in a Mehfil-e-Meelad (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) which sometimes lasted for 5 or 6 hours.
5. He would never chew paan during a lecture.
6. On hearing the name "Muhammad", he would immediately say "Sallal laahu alaihi wasallam."He would never laugh out aloud.
7. He slept in the position of the Arabic form of the word "Muhammad".
8. He would never spit or stretch his feet in the direction of the Qibla.
9. He always did everything form the right-hand-side.
HIS MYSTICAL POWERS
Without any exaggeration, an entire book on the Karaamats (Miracles) of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) can be compiled. In this time, the greatest Karaamat that any person can display is his followance of Shariat-e-Mustapha (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) never fell short of this in any way. We also wish to state that, in reality, the mere existence of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was a miracle on its own. However, for the sake of attaining blessings, a few or his Karaamats are being quoted for the benefit of his lovers.
Janaab Amjad Ali was a resident of Bhasouri. He was a dedicated Mureed of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). Once Amjad Ali took his rifle and went out hunting. While he was hunting, a stray bullet from his rifle accidentally hit a passer-by, killing him. Amjad Ali was later arrested for murder. He was tried and then sentenced passed on him - death by hanging.
A few days before his execution, a few members of his family came to visit him. With the mere thought of his execution, they began to weep bitterly. He smiled at them and said, "GO HOME AND DO NOT WEEP. I WILL RETURN ON THE DAY OF MY EXECUTION. MY PEER-O-MURSHID, SAYYIDUNA A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) HAS STATED THAT HE HAS RELEASED ME."
On the night of his execution, his mother went to visit him. Thinking how near the time of his execution had come, she began to weep out of fear. But Amjad Ali's faith in the words of his Peer-o-Murshid was very strong. He asked his mother to go home and to stop worrying. He told her that through the Will of Almighty Allah, he will return home in a little while to have breakfast with her. Being visibly shaken, she returned home.
The time had finally arrived. Amjad Ali was escorted to the gallows to be hanged. The noose was put around his neck. The authorities asked him if he had any final request. Very calmly, he replied, "There is no need to request anything. My time of death has not yet arrived." The authorities were baffled by his composure. Nevertheless, they decided to proceed with the hanging. As they were about to hang him, the authorities received a telegram. The telegram stated that due to the crowning of Queen Elizabeth, a certain number of prisoners were being released. Amjad Ali Sahib's name was on that list! He was immediately released. As promised he went home to have breakfast with his mother. In this Karamat of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), not only was Amjad Ali pardoned but, many other prisoners were freed.
Once, a women came crying to A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). She reminded him that he had once made Dua for her to bear a child and through his Dua a male child was born. She told him that the child had now passed away and she could not bear this loss. She cried and begged A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to bring the child back to life.
A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went to her home. He noticed that the child was lying on a bed and was covered with a sheet. In the meantime, the mother of the child continuously asked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) to bring the child back to life. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) removed the sheet from the face of the child, placed his blessed hands over the child's eyes and commanded the child, "Son! Wake up and listen to that which your mother is saying." All of a sudden, the child began to cry. All those present were astonished. They thanked A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) abundantly. He humbly smiled and said, "I did not do anything. He was asleep. All I did was wake him up."
There lived a certain person in Bareilly Shareef who had very false concepts concerning Ulema, Awliyah and Peer-o-Murshid and Mureed relationships. One of his friends, who was on his way to meet A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), asked this person to accompany him and meet A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). He also suggested that by discussing his false concepts and beliefs with A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), he will be shown the right path. While discussing whether or not to go, that person with the false concepts, saw a vendor selling fresh sweetmeats. He said, "First buy me some sweetmeats then I will go with you." His friend agreed to buy it for him on the way back home.
Nevertheless, after much convincing he agreed to accompany his friend to the house of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). They entered his blessed house and sat there. A Mureed arrived and brought some sweetmeats. It was the procedure in the court of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) that those persons with beards would get two shares, and those without beards would receive only one share as they were still taken as children.
The Mureed who was responsible for distributing the sweetmeats only gave one share to the person who had misconceptions about Awliyah and Ulema. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), who was present there and witnessing the entire incident, commanded the Mureed to give that person two shares. The Mureed remarked, "Huzoor! He has no beard. He should get one." A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "Give him two. He desires to have two." When the person heard this he immediately repented and became the Mureed of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). His desire was to receive two shares and he realised that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was even aware of the thoughts in his heart.
WORKS OF IMAM AHMED RAZA
Earlier in this page, we learnt that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) gained proficiency in more that fifty branches of knowledge. With this, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) wrote many books on various aspects of Islam. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was a genius writer. He wrote numerous books and treatises in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu on diversified topics.
To date, it has not been fully ascertained as to exactly how many books he wrote, for in doing so, requires research and many personnel. There has risen, over the past years, many Islamic Scholars in the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent and in other parts of the world, who are making serious attempts in studying or translating the works of this great Mujaddid of Islam.
In 1887, at the age of 30 years, he had completed 75 books and treatises. In 1909, at the age of 43 years, this number increased up to 500. HOWEVER, IT HAS BEEN ESTIMATED THAT THE NUMBER OF BOOKS WRITTEN BY SAYYIDUNA A'LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) EXCEED 1 000 ON MORE THAN 50 BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE. Apart from these contributions, he had written annotations and commentaries on more than 150 books pertaining to various branches of learning.
Professor Dr Muhammad Hassan, Shaykh al-Adab, Islamia University, Bhawalpur, said: "Mawlana was a prolific writer. He wrote a large number of treatises. It is due to the fact that his head and heart had surging waves of knowledge which were hard to restrain."
by the Noble Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah; Comments by the Noble Ulema
of Madinatul Munawwarah; Comments by the Noble Ulema of the Indo-Pak
Sub-Continent; Imam Ahmad Raza in the Eyes of Others; Imam Ahmad Raza
in the Eyes of the Opposition
COMMENTS BY THE NOBLE ULEMA OF MAKKATUL MUKARRAMAH
Ustaad Ulema al-Haram, Allama Sa'eedullah (radi Allahu anhu): "My respected brother, who is striving in the path of Nabi (Salla Allaahu alayhi wa Sallam), is a perfect teacher, in other words, Hadrat Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). May Almighty Allah grant him great reward, and accept his endeavour, and may Almighty Allah build his respect into the hearts of the people of knowledge." Ameen.
Allama Mufti Muhammad Saleh Kamal (radi Allahu anhu): "The learned person on this earth, the sea of great knowledge, the coolness of the eyes of the Ulema-e-Haq, is Mawlana Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). Salutations upon the Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and all the spiritual guides, especially Hadrat Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). May he always be protected." Ameen.
Aftaab al-Uloom, Allama Sheikh Ali bin Siddique Kamal (radi Allahu anhu): "Our leader and bright star, the sharp blade on the throats of the Wahabis, our respected teacher, our famous leader, is Hadrat Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). May Almighty Allah grant him tranquillity and keep him victorious over his opposition." Ameen.
COMMENTS BY THE NOBLE ULEMA OF MADINATUL MUNAWWARAH
Mufti Taaj'udDeen Ilyaas Hanafi (radi Allahu anhu): "That famous and professional Aalim, Mawlana Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) is from amongst the Ulema-e-Hind. May Almighty Allah grant him great reward and success. May Almighty Allah grant him Barkah in his life and destroy all those false sects through his blessing." Ameen.
Shaykh Malikiya, Allama Sayyad Ahmad Juz'iri (radi Allahu anhu) : "May Almighty Allah brighten up the lives of the Muslims through (the Sadaqa of) Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). May Almighty Allah increase his age and allow all his future generations to be amongst the Ahle Jannah." Ameen.
Allama Khaleel bin Ebrahim Kharbooti (radi Allahu anhu): "May Almighty Allah grant the Muslims benefit forever through the blessings of this Kaamil Faadhil, Allama Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). O Allah! Give glad tidings to Islam and Muslims." Ameen.
Allama Mawlana Umar bin Hamdaan (radi Allahu anhu): "Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) is that great Aalim, great philosopher and such a great researcher that his research baffles the mind. May Almighty Allah protect him and always keep him pleased." Ameen.
COMMENTS BY THE NOBLE ULEMA OF THE INDO-PAK SUB-CONTINENT
Sayyiduna Shah Aale Rasool (radi Allahu anhu): "On the day of Qiyamah, when Almighty Allah asks me concerning what I had brought for Him from earth, then I will present Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu)."
Hadrat Sayed Shah Abul Husain Ahmad Noori (radi Allahu anhu): "A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) is the brightness and the torch of the Khandaan-e-Barakaati."
Hadrat Allama Ali Hussain Kichauchawi (radi Allahu anhu): "My path of Shariah and Tariqah is that which is the path of Huzoor Purnoor, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu)."
Hadrat Maulana Mu'eenuddeen Sahib (radi Allahu anhu): "Phira hoo me us gali se Nuzhat ho jis me gumra sheikh o kaazi Raza e Ahmad Usi me samjunga muj se Ahmad Raza ho Raazi."
Allama Naee'muddeen Muradabadi (radi Allahu anhu): "The expertise that Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) possessed in Fiqh was such that great Ulema of the East and West were humbled before him."
IMAM AHMED RAZA IN THE EYES OF OTHERS
Justice Mufti Sayyid Shujaat Ali Qadri (radi Allahu anhu), Shariah Court, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad (Pakistan): "A'la Hadrat's appearance is such a commanding stature in terms of knowledge and action that every man of letters considers it an honour and pride to write about him. This worthless man also has the honour of opportunity and has contributed some write-ups and articles of A'la Hadrat. My first compilation in Arabic, entitled 'Mujaddid-al-Mata' has been published and distributed the world over, and this practice is going on regularly and steadily.
"All the men of letters know that A'la Hadrat was born in such a period when the Muslim Ummah was being threatened by different Fitnah (sedition) from all sides. Among all the prevalent sedition, the most dangerous and harmful was one which meant to infect non-Muslim elements in the beliefs of the Ahle Sunnat.
"A'la Hazrat performed incomparable services to safeguard the beliefs of the Ahle Sunnat. He wrote several books for the rejection of Shirk (Polytheism) and for the dissuasion from the Bid'ats (innovations in Deen causing divergences). He safe-guarded the status of Nabuwat (Prophethood), Sahabiyat (Companionship), Ahle Bait (the Members of the Prophet's sallal laahu alaihi wasallam family) and Wilayat (the Friendship with Allah the Magnificent). He published crushing and silencing articles against the criticism brought forward by the atheists, heretics and apostates against the revered Mystics of Islam and Islamic Mysticism. As far as my study is concerned, A'la Hazrat always had good opinion about all the Muslims, and took all Muslims as Muslims, did not scratch and touch the people's beliefs, and did never scold unreasonably or speak rubbish to others. However, if someone committed any mistake in writing or speech, he invited him repeatedly to the Truth. This is the method which is called the good conduct of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). May Allah the Magnificent favour us through the benevolence of the Ahl-Ullah (Friends of Allah)."
Ziya-ul Mashaa'ikh, Allama Muhammad Ibrahim Farooqi Mujad'didi (radi Allahu anhu): "No doubt that Mufti Ahmed Raza Khan Bareilvi was a great scholar. He had the insight in the norms of Muslim conduct and behaviour and stages of spiritual transcendentalism (Tariqah). His competence as regard to exposition and explanation of the Islamic thought; his approach to the inner knowledge deserves high praise, and his contribution in Islamic Jurisprudence will always be remembered in respect of their relevance to the basic principles of Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama'at. Finally, it is not an exaggeration to state that his research works shall always serve as a beacon light for those who traverse this faith."
Professor Muhammad Rafi'ullah Siddique, Director of College Education, Hyderabad, Region - Hyderabaad (India): "Let the thought of recollecting minds recall the circumstances of Muslims in 1912 when Hadrat Ahmed Raza Khan appealed to the Ummah to control conspicuous consumption and save money to use for productive purposes. Now, everywhere the governments are emphasising the need for austerity to solve the multifarious economic problems. Will the men of vision not realise the far sightedness of the late A'la Hadrat Barelvi? J.M. Keynes was awarded the highest title for the same proposition and exposition which Mawlana Barelvi had disclosed at least 24 years before him. Alas! Muslims did not pay heed to his advice."
Professor Preshan Khattak, (Former Chairman) Pakistan Academy of Letters, Government of Pakistan: "Imam Ahmad Raza's personality needs no introduction to Muslims of the Indo-Pakistan. Such a rare encyclopedic person is born after a long awaiting period. He served as a search- light for his own people and proved a strong rock for the powers of persecution and cruelty. Nobody can doubt his knowledge and greatness. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has declared academic differences as sources of blessing and goodness for the evolution of the Deen of Islam and civilisation. This has opened new vistas of thinking and has helped in creating more vastness and comprehension in the Deen of Islam in order to cope with the need of the changing time. Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi has completed an important role for the evolution of the Islamic thinking in the Sub- Continent. It is not easy to present and interpret Islamic teachings in the present age without making use of his writings and views."
Professor Dr Ayub Razvi, Head of Department Urdu, Urdu College, Pakistan, Karachi: "The learned Mawlana Ahmad Raza Khan (1856-1921) was a famous scholar, Jurist, Mathematician, Writer and Genius. He had special insight in Mathematics. There is no parallel to his expertise in Jurisprudence."
Dr Ilahi Bakhsh Ali Awan, Peshawar (Pakistan): "Various aspects of his personality are very impressive and valuable. His real contributions in different fields are so comprehensive and exhaustive that men of thought and vision find it difficult to pin point the most attractive and impressive aspect of his intellectual personality which is so vast in every direction that sight is lost in wilderness."
Dr Muhammad Tahir Malik, Chairman, Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi (Pakistan): "After a thorough study of many books and treatises of Imam Ahmad Raza, I have concluded that he gives much importance to the teacher, book, paper and school, etc. in the articles allied to Education. In our present day education system, a teacher is no more estimated than a salaried servant, and the book is regarded as a collection of letters and works. From our teaching institutions, the respect of the book and teacher has faded away. This is why the restrictions of a teacher and pupil have been reduced to nothing at our schools, colleges and universities.
"Today, to ignore or to forget the books of knowledge, gifted by theses teachers has become a common practice. One sees often the pupils dancing for pleasure on the teachers promenade and playing with their turbans. Why is this? The answer outlined by Mawlana Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi is that our ideology of education is lacking in high and sacred values. The Imaam Sahib says, 'Keep in vies (striving) the bonds of your teachers. If respect is given to the paper, the book and the school, this undesirable situation can not happen'."
Dr Ghulam Yahya Anjum, Department of Comparative Religions, Hamdard University, New Delhi: "Imam Ahmad Raza Khan is an outstanding personality among 20th century renowned scholars of Islam. Very few can claim his eminence because if someone has some similarity with him in certain particular fields, he lacks significant achievement in some other field in which Imam Ahmad Raza is leading."
Dr Hassan Raza Khan Azami, Patna: "A study of the 'Fatawa Razvi' (Judicial Opinions) of A'la Hadrat, has revealed his multi-dimensional personality to me.
As a Jurist his discussion reflects his reach of imagination, deep insight, wisdom, sagacity and unparallel scholarly talent.
I found him a great historian, that goes on quoting numerous historical references to support his view point in the matter under consideration.
He appears to be an expert in Arabic grammar and diction alongside being an inspiring Naatia poet.
He is observed as a great scholar of Ahadith, when he mentions logical interpretation of the Ahadith that he quotes.
After a deep study of his works, one finds in him not only a renowned Jurist, a great Logistician but also an outstanding Physicist, Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Philologist and Geographer whose expertise covers the minutest of details of the subject."
Professor Wasim Barelvi, Rohailkand University, Bareilly, U.P (Dawn, Karachi, May 13 1992): Indian poet, Wasim Barelvi, speaking at a function in his honour on Monday night, emphasised the need for fresh research on Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi and other Muslim scholars of the Sub-Continent, particularly those from Bareilly.
Eulogising Allama Ahmad Raza Khan, Professor said that his services as a pioneer of a religious school is known to everybody, but his achievements as a writer have not yet been properly highlighted.
He said that a research work on Allama Ahmad Raza Khan compiled in Rohailkand under his supervision has made revelations regarding the writings of Allama Barelvi. This research work is likely to challenge the history of Urdu prose as it proves that Allama Barelvi should be counted as one of the pioneers of Urdu prose, and as one of the great writers who spread modern thought in the Sub-Continent."
Justice Naeemud'deen, Supreme Court of Pakistan: "Imam Ahmad Raza's grand personality, a representation of our most esteem ancestors, is history making, and a history uni-central in his self.
"You may estimate his high status from the fact that he spent all his lifetime in expressing the praise of the great and auspicious Holy Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam), in defending his veneration, in delivering speeches regarding his unique conduct, and in promoting and spreading the Law of Shariah which was revealed upon him for the entire humanity of all times. His renowned name is 'Muhammad' (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam), the Prophet of Almighty Allah.
"The valuable books written by a encyclopedic scholar like Imam Ahmad Raza, in my view, are the lamps of light which will keep enlightened and radiant the hearts and minds of the men of knowledge and insight for a long time."
A Western Scholar, Dr Barbara D. Metcalf, Department of History, Barkley University, United States of America: "He was outstanding from the very beginning on account of his extra- ordinary intelligence. He enjoyed a divine gift of deep insight in Mathematics. It is said that he solved a mathematical problem for Dr Ziaud'deen for which the learned Mathematician was intending to visit Germany. Ahmad Raza himself was a towering figure, revered for his extra-ordinary memory, mental agility, and intellectual capacity, and honoured as a Mujaddid and a Shaykh. Guarded in his relation to the British Government, he sought above all to guard what he saw as correct practice and make religion vital in the personal life of Muslims of his day."
The Poet, Doctor Iqbal: "I have carefully studied the decrees of Imam Ahmad Raza and thereby formed this opinion; and his Fatawa bear testimony to his acumen, intellectual calibre, the quality of his creative thinking, his excellent jurisdiction and his ocean-like Islamic knowledge. Once Imam Ahmad Raza forms an opinion he stays firm on it; he expresses his opinion after a sober reflection. Therefore, the need never arises to withdraw any of his religious decrees and judgements. With all this, by nature he was hot tempered, and if this was not in the way, then Shah Ahmad Raza would have been the Imam Abu hanifa of his age." (Arafat, 1970, Lahore) In another place he says, "Such a genius and intelligent jurist did not emerge."
IMAM AHMED RAZA IN THE EYES OF THE OPPOSITION
Abul Ula Maudoodi: "I have great respect in my heart for the knowledge and status of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). He has great foresight over the knowledge of Deen and even his opposition are forced to accept this fact."
Asraf Ali Thanwi: "I have great respect in my heart for Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). He calls us Kaafirs, but he says this only on the basis for his love for the Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and not out of any other reason."
Muee'nuddeen Nadwi: "The late Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) in this present time was "The Person of Knowledge". His every Fatawa, be it in support or refutal of anyone, is worthy of being studied."
IMAM AHMED RAZA'S FINAL ADVICE BEFORE HIS DEMISE
1. Nothing with photos of living objects should be near me when my Ruh (Soul) leaves.
2. Recite Sura Yaseen and Sura Ra'ad beside me.
3. Recite Durood in abundance.
4. Keep those who are weeping away from me.
5. Give my Ghusl according to the Sunnah.
6. Either Mawlana Haamid Raza or Allama Amjad Ali (radi Allahu anhum) should perform my Janaza Salaah.
7. Do not delay my Janazah.
8. When taking my Janazah, recite "Kaabe ke Badru Duja".
9. Do not read anything in my praise.
10. Place me softly in the grave.
12. My grave should be dug according to my height.
13. My Kafan should be according to the Sunnah.
14. The food of my Fatiha must be given to the poor.
15. Haamid Raza must give a fair share of everything to Chothe Mia (Huzoor Mufti al-A'zam al-Hind). If not, my Rooh will be displeased. (radi Allahu anhuma)
16. All of you must remain steadfast on Deen. Do not leave the path of Shariah. Stay on the Deen on which I was.
WISAAL OF IMAM AHMAD RAZA
The brightly shining sun of Bareilly Shareef, The Coolness of the Eyes of the Ulema, The Mujaddid of the Century, The Imam Abu Hanifa of his time, The Ghawth al A'zam of his time, The Sweet-scented Rose from the Fragrant Garden of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam), Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) left this mundane world on Friday, the 25th of Safar 1340 A.H. (28 October 1921) at 2.38 p.m.. It was the exact time of the Jummah Adhaan.
The date of the Wisaal of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was actually deduced by himself from the Noble Qur'an four months and twenty days prior to his passing away: "And there shall be passed around them silver vessels and goblets." (76:15)
At the time of the demise of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), a certain Saint of Syria, dreamt of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while he was in the Baitul Mukaddas. In his dream, the Saint saw many Sahaba-Ikraam (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in) seated around the Noble Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). All of them seemed to be waiting for someone. The Saint says that, in his dream, he asked, "Ya Rasoolallah (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam)! Whose presence is being awaited?" The Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "Ahmad Raza Khan." The blessed Saint then asked, "Who is Ahmed Raza Khan?" The Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) answered, "An Aalim from Bareilly."
When this Saint awoke, he immediately journeyed from Syria to Bareilly Shareef to meet A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), but to his dismay, he learnt that A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had already departed from this world.
It is said by those true lovers of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) that after he passed away he was spiritually transported to Madinatul Munawwarah to be close to the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). They say this because once, A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) personally said: "THE TIME OF DEMISE IS CLOSE AND INDIA IS INDIA. BUT, I DO NOT EVEN FEEL LIKE PASSING AWAY IN MAKKAH. MY DESIRE IS THIS, THAT I SHOULD PASS AWAY WITH IMAAN IN MADINATUL MUNAW'WARA AND THEN BE BURIED WITH KINDNESS IN JANNATUL BAQI. ALMIGHTY ALLAH IS MOST POWERFUL."
The Mazaar Shareef (Blessed Tomb) of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) is situated in the Mohalla Saudagran, Bareilly Shareef in India (U.P.). Each year, in the month of Safar, during the Urs Shareef of Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), hundreds of thousands of Muslims from all over the world present themselves in Bareilly Shareef to partake in the Urs Shareef of the Mujaddid of Islam, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
May Almighty Allah shower his choicest blessings upon the Mazaar al-Anwaar of this great Saint and Scholar of Islam.
Impact of A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan on the World Today
No tribute to Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) could be complete without understanding the sustained restlessness of the Imam in providing true leadership throughout his life, when he was faced with leading the Muslims in a fragile moment in the history of Islam in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. The continued emergence of false sects like the Qadianis, Wahhabis, Deobandis and other sects which sought to prove that Almighty Allah indulges in falseness - Ma'aazallah, Summa Ma'aazallah - proved a genuine threat when these sects began imitating unsuspecting but uneducated Muslims into their fold. It was against such a background that Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) rose forth to defend the true Islamic principles as a scholarly giant, and in doing so, also succeeded in securing a place in the Urdu language as a literary giant in Na'athia Kalam.
In typical tyrannical behaviour, the envious opponents of the Imam embarked on futile attempts at issuing propaganda aiming to discredit the Imam by labelling him as an "innovator" and "mischief maker"; and announcing that the sole providers of Islamic research in the Indo-Pak sub-continent were the Deobandi Ulema. It is interesting to note that history has proved that the volume of work the Imam had completed in Islamic Research singlehandedly was beyond the capability of the entire Deobandi Ulema to this day.
We thank the Almighty Allah that as He unfolds the truth before the masses. Islamic scholars the world over are recognising the Imam's superiority in issuing Islamic judicial decrees with incisiveness and substantiated detail. Today, expensive research is being taken on the Imam's writings and decrees the world over in the Urdu, Persian, Arabic and English languages. Special permissions for such research were made in Birmingham University, England, Holland, India and Pakistan.
Little publicised is the fact that Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) produced more researched decrees in annihilating Bid'at practices in India in the last century than any other scholar. Established anti-Islamic customs in Muslim society were accepted without question until Imam Ahmad Raza started a reform campaign armed with Quranic injunctions and researched Hadith to wipe out such customs.
More than just issuing Fatawas, Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) prepared researched treatises on an academic level on these issues which fast saw the decline of most of the anti-Islamic practices. To this day the Muslim masses benefit from his Fatawa-e-Razvia, Ahkam-e-Shariat, Irfaan-e-Shariat, Al Malfooz, Fatawa-e-Africa, etc. which deal with deal with almost every masaa'il of our day-to-day life.
Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) was very sensitive to the pains and afflictions that befell the Muslim Ummah. In this regard he used every scholarly resource at his disposal to assist the Muslims regain their honour in the face of all anti-Islamic forces.
In his Hada'iq-e-Bakshish he wrote an entire nazm "Soona Jungle" warning the Muslims about safeguarding their Imaan. This Nazm became very popular with the masses as its clear message was arranged in a style that appealed to the masses. It should be the duty of the Ulema and organisers of Meelad to popularise this Nazm in our society as it stirs up the fear of Almighty Allah and the Aakirah in the minds of the listeners.
GREAT BREAKTHROUGH AT THE AL AHZAR UNIVERSITY: The famous Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt has granted permission for a graduate to research on the topic of A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmad Raza (radi Allahu anhu) and his services for Hanafi Fiqah. This research is towards the M.Phil. Degree and Mustaq Ahmed Shah of Pakistan is doing this research.
IMAM AHMED RAZA AND MEDICINE (TIBB): Hakeem Mohammed Saeed Dehlwi, the founder of Madinatul Hikmat University, Karachi (Research Centre for Unani Medicine) and owner of Hamdard Dawa Khana did research and compiled A'la Hazrat's (radi Allahu anhu) theory about medicine. The book is titled, "Imam Ahmed Raza aur Fann Tibb," and is printed and published in Pakistan.
IMAM AHMED RAZA FOUNDATION: The IARF was recently established in the Kerala State India to research and propagate the teachings of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).
NEW TRANSLATIONS OF IMAM AHMED RAZA PUBLISHED: The "Islamic Times" of the U.K. has recently published two articles by A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu). These are: (1) "A Commentary upon Paper Currency Notes," which was researched and translated by Dr. Muhammad A. Junejo and (2) "Imam Ahmed Raza and Topology," by Dr. Abdul Naim Azizi of Jasoli, Bareilly Shareef.
HISTORIC A'LA HAZRAT MAZAAR STAMP PRINTED BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA: The Postal Services Department of the Indian government have acknowledged the Islamic and Academic services of the great Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam, A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu). They have printed a new Indian stamp portraying the Mazaar Shareef of A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) in full colour. The words "A'la Hazrat Barelvi" have been printed along the side of the stamp in English and Hindi. This stamp is currently being sold at all Post Offices in India. This is India's way of saluting a great genius and Islamic scholar of his time, A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu).
RESEARCH WORK ON IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN: Hazrat Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan, an eminent jurist, also known as A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was born at Bareilly, India in 1856. He completed the Noble Quran at the age of four and became astonishingly well-versed in more than fifty branches of learning, pertaining to Ancient Sciences, Current Sciences and Oriental Learnings and left contributions in all these academic disciplines.
At Makkah Mu'azzama and Madina Munawwara, he was visited by many scholars who received diplomas and fatawas from him. Due to his distinction in this field, the Islamic world acknowledged him as a great Jurist. The renowned poet of the East, Dr. Allama Iqbal, remarked, "Such a genius and intelligent Jurist did not emerge." Despite being well-versed in scores of branches of knowledge, he restricted his interest to the following branches:
1. To support and defend the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alyhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam).
2. To uproot the innovations prevalent in the Muslim society.
3. To issue fatawa according to the Hanafi School of Jurisprudence.
In short, he was a Jurist, Theologian and a Reformer whose life revolved around the motto "Love the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alyhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam)." In recognition of this eminent personalities life, the following researches are being carried out by these individuals, amongst others:
1. Dr. Usha Saanpaal, Ph.D Colombo University, "Ahmed Raza and the Ahle-Sunnat Wa Jamaat Movement (1921-1947)", Oxford University, Press, New Delhi.
2. Dr. Ghulaam Qureshi Dastageer, who translated A'la Hazrat's Qalaam in English which was published in the "Islamic Times" U.K.
3. Muhammed Muazzam Ali who wrote "Fundamental Faith of Islam -Treaties of Ahmed Raza"
4. Prof. J.M. Baljo of Leiden University, Holland, who presented and delivered research material on A'la Hazrat at an international forum.
5 . British scholar, Dr Muhammad Haroon, who has compiled a thesis on "The World Importance of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Bareilly."
RESEARCH AND TRANSLATION OF A'LA HAZRAT'S WORKS: A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu), the Muslim Revivalist (Mujaddid) of the previous Islamic Century, wrote and compiled numerous commentaries and treatises on various topics. As an author, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has left to his credit more than a thousand books on fifty different subjects ranging from Tafseer, Logic, Grammar, Literature, Islamic Jurisprudence, Education, Sociology, Astronomy, Mathematics, Physics, History, Science of History, Engineering, Biographies, Philosophy, Mysticism to Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Hindi Literature. His poetry includes such works as "Mustapha Jaan-e-Rahmat."
At present, many Islamic and Western universities, colleges and Darul Uloom's, throughout the world, are researching nd translating the works of this great Muslim scholar. Some of the countries in which research is being carried out are: India, Pakistan, United States of America, England, Holland, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and South Africa. Perhaps one of his more famous scientific theories lies in his proof that the sun and other bodies revolve around the earth!
UNIVERSITIES CONDUCTING RESEARCH ON A'LA HAZRAT'S WORKS: More than twenty five Universities throughout the world are actively researching the works of the great Islamic Scholar and Saint, A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu).
"KANZ AL-IMAN" NOW AVAILABLE: "Kanzul Imaan", the internationally renowned Urdu translation of the Noble Quran by A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the English language by many Islamic scholars.
This momentous task was first undertaken by Professor Fatimi, a highly acclaimed academic of the University of Kuwait. He had it published in Karachi, Pakistan. The second translation was undertaken by Professor Shah Fareedul Haq of Pakistan and was published in India and Pakistan. The commentary notes on "Kanzul Imaan" by Sadrul Faadhil, Maulana Na'eemuddeen Muradabadi (rahmatullah alaihi) has been translated into the English language by Dr. Professor Majeedullah of Lahore, Pakistan.
A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza's (radi Allahu anhu) translation of the Noble Quran - "Kanzul Imaan" - is now available from our offices. This translation of the Noble Quran is in the English language, but is without a commentary (Tafseer). It is a must in every Muslim home.
KANZ AL-IMAN IN SINDHI: The Urdu translation of the Quran, "Kanzul Imaan" by A'la Hazrat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) has been translated into the Sindhi language by Mufti Muhammad Raheem Sikandari.
KANZ AL-IMAN - NOBLE QUR'AN IN CREOLE LANGUAGE: In Mauritius A'la Hazrat's Kanzul Iman has been translated into the Creole language, thanks to the combined effort of Maulana Mansoor and Maulana Najeeb of Mauritius. This historic translation of the Noble Quran was first published on 17-01-96 under the guidance and patronage of the Khatib of the Jaame Masjid Mauritius, Hazrat Allama Shameem Ashraf Azhari. Many Ulema and politicians also partook in this great service. The translation was greatly welcomed and accepted by all.
NEW RESEARCH MATERIAL ON A'LA HAZRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU): Three new research thesis on A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) by Professor Dr. Muhammad Mas'ood Ahmad was published in Pakistan. Two of his books, viz. "Fundamental Faith of Islam" and "Imam Ahmad Raza - The Reformer of the Muslim World", are in English and one in Arabic. Whilst numerous books and research on A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) has been published in Urdu, only a limited material is available in English and Arabic. This move is, therefore, greatly encouraged. (Ashrafiya Monthly, Mubarakpur)
PH.D ON A'LA HADRAT: Twenty-one (21) Scholars in Pakistan have completed their research works on A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and have received their Doctrate. Amongst them were:
1. Professor Dr Hafiz Abdul Baari Siddiqi
2. Professor Dr Majeedullah Qaaderi, who is also doing a indepth research on the works of A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu).
FATAWA RADAWIYYAH: Alhamdulillah, eleven volumes of A'la Hazrat's (radi Allahu anhu) scholarly work "Fatawa Radawiyyah" has now been published by Darul Uloom Amjadiya under the expert supervision of Qari Raza-ul-Mustapha Azmi. This famous work, which contains hundreds of questions and answers pertaining to almost every aspect of Islamic life, is in the Urdu language.
T.V. DOCUMENTARY ON A'LA HAZRAT: An investigative and informative documentary on the life and services of A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) was broadcast by the National Pakistan Television. It was featured as a special programme of "Television Encyclopedia." This programme was unanimously applauded and due to popular public demand it was presented once again on the occasion of Urs-e-Razvi. Consequently, a learned and well-known scholar of "Razviat," Sayyed Aarif Ali Razvi, of Kalyaan Bombay has exhorted the Doordarshan, India's state television channel, to present an indepth documentary on the life of Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).
A'LA HAZRAT'S HISTORY INCLUDED IN ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Islamic book publications section of the Punjab University is to launch a new Urdu Encyclopedia of Islam. In the 10th volume, pages 278 to 287, incorporates a brief history of the life and works of A'la Hazrat, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu). This brief history was prepared by Professor Dr Muhammad Ma'sud Ahmed, M.A. Phd., on the request of Dr.Sayed Abdullah.
RESEARCH ON A'LA HAZRAT'S "FAUZ-E-MOBEEN": Scientists from the Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad have taken a keen interest in researching A'la Hazrat's (radi Allahu anhu) "Fauz-e-Mobeen" which deals with the movement of the sun and planets around the earth. At present, research is about to commence on the subject.
CHRISTIAN CONVERTS TO ISLAM AFTER READING "KANZ AL-IMAN": In 1974, Dr. Hannif Faatimi of London University brought the Professor of Kuwait an English translation of "Kanzul Imaan" (A'la Hazrat's translation of the Noble Quran) for printing. Prof. Faatimi at that time had met a Christian scholar who had revealed that he was interested in reading more about Islam. Prof. Faatimi was two-minded about giving him an English copy of Kanzul Imaan. Eventually, he gave him a copy to read. The Christian scholar, after reading this translation, accepted Islam.
SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM OVERSEAS: IDARA-E-MAS'UDIA - PAKISTAN: The Novelties (English Version of the Urdu treatise "Na'iy Na'iy Batain") by Dr. Muhammad Mas'ud Ahmed M.A., Ph.D., Gold MedalistRespect and Reverence (English Version of the Urdu treatise "Ta'zim-o-Tawqir") by Dr. Muhammad Mas'ud AhmedEids of Eids (Festivity above all Festivities) by Dr. Muhammad Mas'ud AhmedSpiritual Significance of Affinity (English Version of the Urdu treatise "Nisbaton Ki Baharain") by Dr. Muhammad Ma'sud AhmedThe Knowledge of the Unseen (English Version of the Urdu Treatise "I'lm-i-Ghayb") by Dr. Muhammad Mas'ud Ahmed. Available from: Idara-e-Mas'udia, 6/2, 5-E Nazimabad, Karachi - 74600, Sindh, Pakistan
SUNNI BOOKS AVAILABLE FROM RAZA ACADEMY - UNITED KINGDOM
Why I accepted Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Islam and Punishment by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Eid Milad an Nabi by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Islam and the Limits of Science by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Importance of Truth of Holy Quran by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
The World Importance of Imam Ahmed Raza by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Imam Ahmed Raza and British Converts to Islam by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
The Prophet of Mankind by Prof. G.D. Qureshi
Islamic Concept of Knowledge by Imam Ahmed Raza
Parents Obligations to Children by Imam Ahmed Raza
Sunni Islam and the Rule of Allah Alone by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
The Roots of Islamic Fundamentalism by Dr. Muhammad Rizvi
Sufism in Perspective by Imam Ahmed Raza
The World Importance of Ghaus-al-Azam Hazrat Sheikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir Jilan (radi Allahu anhu) by Dr. Muhammad Haroon
Write to: Raza Academy, 16 Carmichael Street, Edgeley, Stockport SK3 9JX, United Kingdom
NEW SUNNI BOOKS FROM LONDON: The Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (London) has published three new books:
(1) Satanic Scholars
(2) The Greater Majority - The Group of Salvation
(3) Did the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) possess a shadow?
To obtain these books send and other free literature send a large SASE to: Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (South London), P.O. Box 4281, London, SW18 1EF, U.K.
1. A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) by Abdun Na'eem Azeezi
2. Al Kaukabatush Shahabiya by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu)
3. Al Malfooz - by Huzoor Mufti al-A'zam al-Hind (radi Allahu anhu)
4. Al Mujad'did Ahmad Raza by Allama Yaseen Akhtar
5. Ash Shah Ahmad Raza Barelvi by Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Qadri
6. Chaudwi Sadi ke Mujad'did al-A'zam by Allama Zafruddeen Bihari (radi Allahu anhu)
7. Hisaamul Haramain by A'la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu)
8. Imam Ahmad Raza aur Alam-e-Islam by Professor Mas'ud Ahmad
9. Imam Ahmad Raza Kaun? by Moulana Mubeen-ul-Hudda Noorani
10. Imam Ahmad Raza Reflections & Impressions, by Prof. Dr Muhammad Masud Ahmd M.A. PH.D. - Courtesy of Idara-i- Tahqeeqat-e-Imam Ahmad Raza (Regd.), Karachi, Pakistan
11. Imam-e-Naath Goyaa by Allama Akhtarul Haamidi
12. Karamaat-e-A'la Hadrat by Iqbal Ahmad Razvi
13. Shah Ahmed Rida Khan - The "Neglected Genius of the East" by Professor Muhammad Ma'sud Ahmad M.A. P.H.D. - Courtesy of "The Muslim Digest", May/June, 1985, pp. 223-230
14. Tajaliyaat-e-Imam Ahmad Raza by Qari Amaanat Rasool Razvi15. The Message International, Published by World Islamic Mission, Vol.1 No. 6, October 1986
Hazarat Allama Shah Turabul Haq Qadri
Hazrat Allam Shah Abdul Haq Qadri