After ensuring that your belief and faith is correct, the biggest obligation of all obligations is Namaz. There has been many messages in the Quran and Hadith in relation to the importance of Namaz. Whoever does not believe it as an Obligatory aspect i.e. Farz is a Kafir. and those who do not pray it are great sinners and will be thrown into hell in the after life, also in the event of an Islamic leadership, the king should execute those who do not pray Namaz.

Rule: At what age should children be taught Namaz ?

When a child reaches the age of seven he should be shown how to pray Namaz. When the child reaches the age of ten. they should be made to pray via use of beatings. Before we show you the way in which Namaz should be prayed, we will first of all show you the six conditions/qualifiers that must be performed, otherwise the Namaz will not begin. These are known as the 'Shara'it-e-Namaz and are as follows;

  1. Cleanliness
  2. The covering of the body
  3. Time
  4. Facing Qibia
  5. Intention
  6. The call to start Namaz (Takbeer-e-Tahrima)

The first qualification is cleanliness. This means that the person praying Namaz (which will now be referred to as Namazee) must have their body, clothing and the place where Namaz is going to be performed, clean from impurities such as urine, stools, blood, alcohol. dung, animal excretion, etc. Also the Namazee must not be without bathing or ablution.

The second qualification is covering of the body. This means that the male's body must be covered from the navel upto and including the knees. The female's body must be completely covered except for the face, the hands below and including the wrists and feet below and including the ankles.

The third qualification is time. This means that whatever time is allocated to a particular Namaz, that Namaz is prayed. For example, the Fajr Namaz is prayed from the break of dawn to before sunrise. Zohar Namaz is prayed after midday to the time when there are two shadows to everything except for the original shadow (mid afternoon). Asr Namaz is prayed from when there are two shadows until sunset. Maghrib Namaz is prayed after sunset to when the natural light disappears. Isha Namaz is prayed after the natural light has disappeared until before the break of dawn.

The fourth qualification is the facing towards Qibla. This means to face towards the Holy Ka'aba (in Makkah).

The fifth qualification is intention. This means that whatever Namaz is being prayed for whatever time i.e. Ada, Qaza. Farz, Sunnat,Nafl etc. to make a firm intention in the heart for that Namaz.

The sixth qualification is Takbeer-e-Tahrima. This means to say Allah-o-Akbar and start the Namaz. This is the last qualification and once said the Namaz begins. If you then say something to someone or eat something or drink something or perform any action which is against Namaz then the Namaz will break. The first five qualifications must remain from when the Takbeer-e-Tahrima is said, to until the Namaz is completed, otherwise the Namaz will not count.


 It is compulsory to cover the body, meaning how much of the body in Namaz should be covered at least.

Parts of Aurat in a Male

Rule: There are nine parts of the body which are aurat for a male.

  1. The penis
  2. Both testicles
  3. Posterior
  4. The right hip
  5. The left hip
  6. The right thigh (upto and including the knee)
  7. The left thigh (upto and including the knee)
  8. From below the naval upto the male organ and upto both sides of the body inclusive.
  9. The area between the testicles upto the posterior is a single aurat.

The aurats that have been counted above are all one part each, meaning if less than a quarter of each part became uncovered, the Namaz would count.

Aurat parts for a woman

Rule: For women who are not slaves, except for the five parts mentioned above (face, both hands upto the wrists and both feet upto the ankles) all the body is aurat. This is split into thirty parts of the body. The same rule applies in Namaz (as mentioned above) if a quarter became uncovered for each part.

  1. The head, meaning from the top of the head upto the start of the neck.
  2. The hair that hangs down
  3. The right ear
  4. The left ear
  5. The neck (and throat)
  6. The right shoulder
  7. The left shoulder
  8. The top right arm including the elbow
  9. The top left arm including the elbow
  10. The bottom right arm (below the elbow upto and including the wrist)
  11. The bottom left arm (below the elbow upto and including the wrist)
  12. The chest, below the neck/throat to the breasts
  13. Back of the right hand
  14. Back of the left hand
  15. The right breast
  16. The left breast
  17. The stomach, meaning from below the breasts upto and including the navel
  18. The upper back, meaning the other side of the chest
  19. Both armpits upto the lower back
  20. The right hip
  21. The left hip
  22. The vagina
  23. The posterior
  24. The right thigh upto and including the knees, the knee is not a separate part but is included
  25. The left thigh upto and including the knees, the knee is not a separate part but is included
  26. Below the naval upto the start of the pubic hair and the lower back, is all one aurat.
  27. The right shin, from below the knee upto and including the ankle
  28. The left shin, from below the knee upto and including the ankle.
  29. The right base of the foot
  30. The left base of the foot

Many Ulema have not included the back of the hands and the base of the feet as Aurat.


Time of Fajr

From the break of dawn upto the first ray of sunrise. The break of dawn (Subah Sadiq) is a light which is seen before sunrise from the east and generally gets more lighter and eventually is spread completely across and then it becomes daylight. As soon as this light of the break of dawn is seen, the time of sehri for fasting finishes and the time of Fajr Namaz begins. Before this light a seam of whiteness is seen in the middle of the sky from east to west, and underneath it the whole is area is black. The break of dawn comes from underneath this and spread across to the north and south and gets lighter. The whiteness disappears when the light of dawn starts spreading. The long whiteness is known as Subah Kazab and the time of Fajr does not begin with this [Qazi Khan, Bahar-e-Shariat].

(The time of Subah Sadiq is dependent upon the town and country you are in. It is advisable to get the time from the observatory).

Time of Zohr

From Zawal, meaning midday until everything has except for it's original shadow a double shadow. For example, there was a shadow in the afternoon of an item the size of four fingers and the item is actually eight fingers in size, the time of Zohr will not finish until the size of the shadow gets to twenty fingers in length.

The original shadow is the shadow which occurs exactly at midday. This is when the sun reaches exactly middle of the sky and the distance of east and west is exactly the same. When the sun moves from this position slightly to the east, the time of Zohr begins. The recognition of the sun moving is by digging a stick upright into the ground, and then the shadow continues to reduce until it cannot reduce anymore, this is exactly the time of midday and is known as the original shadow, when the shadow starts growing again the time of Zohr has begun because the sun has moved. The time of Jum'a is the same as the time of Zohr.

Time of Asr

As soon as the time of Zohr finishes, the time for Asr begins. Depending upon the city and country, the length of Asr varies. The length of the time of Asr is also dependent on the time of the season, i.e. autumn, summer etc.

Time of Maghrib

As soon as the sun sets until the dusk (Shafaq) disappears. Dusk is the twilight that is seen after the redness of the sun has gone and is spread like the whiteness of dawn from east then from north to south [Hidaya, Alamgiri, Khanya]. In the UK the length of Maghrib is usually approximately a minimum of one hour and fifteen minutes and a maximum of one and a half hours. The length of the time of Maghrib is exactly the same as the time length of Fajr for that day.

Time of isha

As soon as the twilight of dusk disappears the time of Isha begins until the break of dawn. As well as the twilight of dusk, there is also a twilight seen after this from north to south but the time of Isha has begun and the time of Maghrib has ended.

Time of Witr

The time of Witr is the same as the time of Isha. However, Witr cannot be prayed before the Farz Namaz of Isha, as the sequencing is obligatory. If the Namaz of Witr is prayed purposely before the Farz Namaz of Isha, then the Witr will not count and will have to be prayed again after the Farz Namaz of Isha. However, if the Witr Namaz is prayed before Isha by mistake or you have realised that you prayed the Isha Namaz without Wuzu and prayed the Witr Namaz with Wuzu, then it is accepted [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Alamgiri].


In Fajr, delaying is Mustahhab (Preferred). Meaning when there is good light then start the Namaz. Also Mustahhab time is that you can pray approx. forty to sixty verses of the Quran in a clear and distinct manner (tarteel), and after performing Salaam there is enough time left that if there was a fault you could repeat your Wuzu and pray the Namaz again with forty or sixty verses in a clear and concise manner. To delay so much that there is doubt that the sun will rise is Makrooh disliked) [Qazi Khan etc.].


Whilst the sun is rising or setting and at exactly midday, at these three times no Namaz is allowed. No Farz, no Wajib, no Nafl, no Ada (current), no Qaza (expired), no Sijdah-e-Tilawat, No Sijdah-e-Sahoo. However, if the Asr Namaz for that day is still left to pray then you must pray whether the sun is setting, but to delay it for so long is Haram.

Notice: The above calculation is a mere example and therefore the time would differ according to the city and country and the season. Different destinations and different times show that the approximate time would be twenty minutes and in all places the above method of calculation should be used.

Twelve times where Nafl Namaz is prohibited

Rule: It is prohibited to pray Nafl (voluntary) Namaz during twelve times;

  1. From the break of dawn (SubahSadiq) until the sun has risen fully, no Nafl Namaz is allowed, except for the two Sunnats of Fajr. From when the call to establish rows for congregation (Iqamat for Jamaat) until the Farz Namaz finishes, to pray a Nafl or Sunnat is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. However, if the Jamaat of Fajr Namaz has stood up and you know that if you pray the Sunnats of Fajr you will still be able to join the Jamaat, whether it be in the last sitting position (Qaida) it is necessary that you pray the Sunnats separately from the rows of Jamaat and then join the Jamaat. If you know that if you start the Sunnats you will not be able to join the Jamaat but you still start the Sunnats then this is forbidden and a sin. Except for the Fajr Namaz it is not allowed to start a Sunnat even if you know you can join the Jamaat late when the Iqamat has been called for Jamaat.
  2. After praying the Asr Namaz until the sun goes red, no Nafl Namaz is allowed.
  3. As soon as the sun has set, until the Farz Namaz of Maghrib has been prayed, no Nafl is allowed [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  4. From the time in Juma the Imam stands up from his place to perform Khutba until the Farz Namaz of Juma has been prayed, no Nafl is allowed.
  5. At the start of a Khutba (sermon), whether it is the first or the second for Juma, Eids, Kusoof, Istisqa, Hajj or Nikah, all Namaz is not allowed even Qaza Namaz. However, for Sahib-e-Tarteeb (those who have less than five Namaz of Qaza due) at the start of the Juma Khutba, Qaza Namaz is allowed [Durr-e-Mukhtar]. Rule: If the Sunnats of Juma have been started and the Imam stands up for the Khutba, then complete all four rakats of the Sunnat.
  6. All Nafl Namaz is Makrooh before the Eid Namaz, whether you pray them at home, Mosque or Eid hall [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar.
  7. It is Makrooh to pray Nafl Namaz after the Eid Namaz if they are prayed at the Eid hall or Mosque, if they are prayed back at home then they are not Makrooh [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  8. At Arafat, where the Zohr and Asr is prayed together, to pray a Nafl or Sunnat in between them or after them is Makrooh.
  9. In Muzdalifa, where the Maghrib and Isha is prayed joined together, it is Makrooh to pray any Sunnat or Nafl Namaz in between the two Namaz, it is not Makrooh to pray Nafl after the Isha Jamaat [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  10. If the time of Farz is very short, then all Nafl and Sunnats including those of Fajr and Zohr are Makrooh.
  11. Whatever aspect that makes the heart distract and you can relieve yourself from that aspect then all Namaz are Makrooh until you relieve yourself, for example, urination or excretion or to release wind, then these must be performed otherwise the Namaz will be Makrooh. However, if the time is going to finish, then pray the Namaz and repeat it afterwards. Also if food is presented in front of you and you have the desire to eat, or any other aspect that you may have a desire for without which you will not be able to gain satisfaction, then it is necessary to fulfil this desire before praying Namaz otherwise the Namaz will be Makrooh [Durr-e-Mukhtar, etc.].


The reward of Azaan

It is stated in the Hadiths that there is a lot of reward for Azaan. In one Hadith it is stated that the Holy Prophet has said "If people knew how much reward there is for calling the Azaan, then there would be fighting of swords between them [Riwa'al Hamd].

Method of Azaan, it's contents and it's place

Position yourself outside the Mosque (Jamaat Khana), at a high place, facing the Qibla and place the index finger in each ear or cover the ears with the palm of the hand and say 'Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar', Both of these statements make one submission. Then pause slightly and repeat again 'Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar' again both of these statements make one submission. Then state twice 'Ashhadu An La ilaha illallah', then state twice 'Ashhadu Anna Muhammadanr Rasoolullah'. Then turn the head to the right and state twice 'Hayya Alas Salaah', then turn your head to the left and state twice 'Hayya Alal Falaah'. The turn your head back towards facing the Qibla and say once 'Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar' , this again is one submission, and then finally say once 'La illaha illallah'.

The Prayer after Azaan

After the Azaan has finished, first pray the Durood Sharif and then pray this Dua;

"Allahumma Rabba Hazihid Da'awat'it Ta'ammati, Wassalaatil Qa'ammati, Aati Sayyadi Muhammadanit Wasilata Wal Fadilata Wad Darajatar Rafi'ata, Wab'as'u Muqamam Mahmoodanil Lazi Wa'ad'tahu Warzukna Shafa'atahu Yawmal Qiyamati Innaka La Tukhiiful Mi'ad."

Which Namaz does Azaan have to be called for ?

The order of Azaan

When should the Azaan be called ?

The time of Azaan

Which Namaz do not contain Azaan

Order of Azaan for women

Order of Azaan for children, blind people and those without Wuzu

Who should say the Azaan?

Order of talking between the Azaan

The answer to Azaan

When you hear the Azaan, it is an order to reply to it. Meaning whatever the Moazzin calls reply back with the same submission. The only exceptions are 'Hayya Alas Salah' and 'Hayya Alal Falaah', where the reply is 'La Hawla Wala Quwwata ilia billah' and it is better if you say both (meaning Hayya......and La Hawla....). Also add this onto it 'Mashaa Allaho Kaana Wamaalam Yashaa Lam Yakun' [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Alamgiri].

Stop all activities whilst the Azaan is being called


The Answer to Iqamat


The fourth qualifier for Namaz is facing towards the Qibla, meaning to point your face towards the Holy Ka'aba.

In what situations can Namaz be performed without facing the Qibia ?

What if you don't know the direction of the Qibla ?



Intention of Namaz

Niyyat means a fixed intention of the heart, only a thought or an indication is not sufficient until there is a fixed intention.